Blogs Cross posted Economy & Education

Pakistan: Frying Pan and the Fire – by Haris Gazdar

Zardari vows defiance at Garhi Khuda Bux

“But if the future of parliamentary democracy in Pakistan seems more certain now than at any time in recent history it is because the centre of political gravity has moved down to the provinces and regions, and at the local level it is the Pakistan People’s Party that has a strong base”

Thus writes Haris Gazdar for the Economic and Political Weekly. We recommend this objective analysis of the current political trends in Pakistan that was recently published in Economic and Political Weekly.  The author does an excellent job of presenting the main players in Pakistan’s politics without resorting to acts of omission – a tendency present in both the right-wing Urdu media press and their pseudo-liberal English press counterparts.  In reality both media segments  are complimentary in their avowed pro-establishment stance and it is a false binery to see them as opposed to one another beyond cosmetic differences.  This study correctly evaluates the role of a politisized judiciary – an omission that is too frequent amongst the english media Dons and stems from their complicity with the Pro-Qadri lawyers to reinstate deeply political judges post 2008 elections. In delineating Pakistan’s political faultlines, the relevance of Gazdar’s articles extends beyond the current and must be taken into account by those looking for a rational primer in evaluating the Pakistani State.

Parliamentary democracy will survive inPakistan despite serious challenges because its powerful opponents are even more politically bankrupt than its feeble defenders.  The smooth passage of a number of milestones culminating in general elections within the next fifteen months will establish a virtually irreversible supremacy of the parliamentary system over civil, military and judicial bureaucracies.  A disruption in the democratic process at this stage can quickly lead to conditions of civil strife along regional and ethnic lines.


Three-pronged attack


At the end of last October, the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) led coalition government of Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani became the longest serving elected constitutional administration in the country’s history.  Dependent on some mercurial coalition partners for a majority, under the constant pressure of a recalcitrant military, checked by an activist judiciary, and facing the barrage of unfettered privately owned media, it is hard to think of a single month in the 46 moons of its tenure which was without high drama and political crisis.  While there is much to say about economic management, social policy, external relations, security, and political reform, in its twilight period the PPP-led administration faces challenges which have little to do with any of these major areas on which democratic governments may be held to account.


The political opposition is justifiably gearing up for elections which must be held within the next year or so, but an influential segment of it has joined the military and the judiciary in a three-pronged attack which has made the government appear even more vulnerable than usual to an untimely termination.  At the core of this attack is the so-called ‘memogate’ issue which refers to the allegation that senior government figures, possibly even president and PPP leader Asif Ali Zardari, sought assistance from theUnited Statesto forestall a military coup in the wake of Osama Bin Laden’s discovery and killing inPakistan.  Mansoor Ijaz, an American businessman and lobbyist of Pakistani origin, claims to have forwarded a memorandum to formerUSmilitary chief Mike Mullen’s office with an offer of assistance to the US in return for help in seeing off the threat of a military takeover.  He alleges that this memo was instigated by Zardari throughPakistan’s envoy toWashingtonDC.  Hussain Haqqani, who resigned his position as ambassador to clear his name, denies involvement in the writing of the memo.


Ijaz’s allegations were made in an article published by the Financial Times in early October, but it was former cricketer and rising star of the right Imran Khan who was instrumental in raising the temperature inPakistanby publicly naming Haqqani and Zardari as guilty parties.  Echoing the spin of parties like the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) and commentators known to be close to the military, Khan endorsed Ijaz’s account of a link with Haqqani, and further argued that any approach to a foreign power for assistance in preventing a military coup was tantamount to an act of treason.  Khan’s shrill rhetoric was quickly followed by a meeting between the army chief Kayani and the prime minister, which the pro-military media reported as a faceoff on Ijaz’s allegations.  Haqqani tendered his resignation and the government announced the setting up of a parliamentary enquiry into the matter.


Upping the ante, the leader of the main opposition party Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) filed a petition in the Supreme Court for an investigation into Ijaz’s claims, which the court admitted without a view to precedent.  The court then became a stage for the open defiance on the part of the military leadership of civilian authority.  In ominous moves the country’s chief justice Iftikhar Chaudhry explicitly encouraged and allowed this defiance lending it dubious legal and constitutional legitimacy.  Soon after, the chief judge further pressed the beleaguered government by resuming his pursuit of a 15-year old case against Zardari which had been on the back burner for the past two years.  Acknowledging that Zardari enjoys constitutional immunity while in office, Chaudhry is pressing the government to reopen ancient corruption and money-laundering charges against the president in Swiss courts.  The irony of taking the head of state to a foreign court while at the same time denouncing him as a traitor for allegedly seeking external support to forestall an unconstitutional act is missed, obviously enough, by right wing nationalists and pro-military media commentators.


The political opposition – namely Nawaz Sharif’s Muslim League along with Jamaat-e-Islami and other religious parties – presumably wants to rattle the government into early elections.  Imran Khan does not desire early polls as his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) needs more time in a bid to replace PML-N as the main party of the nationalist right. But he too has something to gain from the government’s troubles in court as he positions himself as a champion of faux sovereignty and a crusader against corruption.  The chief  judge’s single-minded focus on the PPP leadership is consistent with his established pattern of behaviour which seems driven by a pursuit for executive authority.  By allowing the court to be used as a stage for the military to flex its muscles, Chaudhry effectively presents himself as a key power broker.


Why clutch at straws


Elections must be held within the next fifteen months.  Opinion polls suggest that the government is deeply unpopular.  Economic recovery following a major crisis inherited from the previous regime has been feeble, particularly in the industrial sector.  Inflation rates have come down but remain in double digits, and inward foreign investment has dried up.  The opposition has been successful in portraying the government as corrupt, inept and supplicant to foreign powers, and much of the privately-owned media is hostile to the PPP.  On paper, the parliamentary opposition should cruise to electoral victory, without involving itself in power play with the judiciary and the military.  After all, providing political space to ambitious judges and generals to weaken the present government will also be detrimental to any incoming elected government.


It is easier to understand the motivations of ambitious judges and generals in trying to destabilise the government.  By constantly inserting themselves as guardians and arbiters of state sovereignty, ideological boundaries, and an imaginary ‘basic structure’ of the constitution, these state employees seek to retain or even expand their influence in an otherwise functioning parliamentary system.  The question still remains as to why they clutch at straws when the government might be genuinely vulnerable on substantive political issues.  The ‘memogate’ has yielded to the military the much coveted scalp of Haqqani, but the issues involved are obscure, and its successful pursuit depends on the mysterious Mansoor Ijaz about whom little is known except that he is acquainted with important people and is not averse to appearing in girlie videos.  It would be far-fetched to make a connection between Ijaz’s memo and President Zardari, and even more tenuous to argue that trying to prevent a military coup was somehow an act of treason.  The court’s pursuit of 15-year old Swiss corruption charges against Zardari raises an even more obscure matter which has virtually no chance of leading to a conviction.  It seems as though the generals and the judges are more interested in throwing the PPP leadership off-balance rather than to allow the electorate to show them the door.


Fragmented polity


Then there is the possibility that the parliamentary opposition as well as the opposition to parliament are not confident that the PPP-led coalition can be easily beaten by the ballot after all.  Politics have moved down to the provincial and sub-provincial levels.  This implies that in any particular region of the country, electoral contest will centre on regional issues rather than national grandstanding.  In southernPunjab, for example, there is likely to be great interest in the possibility of creating a new ethnic Seraiki province, something that the parliamentary opposition has baulked at while the PPP-led coalition has backed.  In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa there will be sharp divisions along pro and anti-Taliban lines, while in Sindh political discussion will be shaped by the province’s entitlement to what are regarded as its resources on the one hand, and the negotiation of ethnic heterogeneity and urban-rural duality on the other.  Balochistan is in a state of civil strife and here the electoral process itself will be matter of contention.  Baloch nationalist who are increasingly dismissive of parliamentary politics have already identified the ‘Punjabi army’ as their oppressor.


The government’s economic management, which might have provided the opposition with persuasive talking points has had a similarly fragmented impact.  Urban voters, particularly in north-central Punjab are affected by a decline in growth rates, power shortages and poorly preforming state corporations, and high rates of inflation.  Higher agricultural prices, only partly due to government policies, have benefited the agrarian economy across the country with an overdue reversal of the terms of trade between rural and urban areas.  The performance of public sector companies is also a double-edged sword, as the PPP can turn around and argue that it tolerated inefficiency as a price for protecting jobs.  Electricity shortages are quickly interpreted in regional terms as provinces have become more conscious of their entitlements to resources such as natural gas to whichPakistan’s inefficient power sector has developed an unhealthy addiction.


Given the fragmented polity the PPP’s credo of political reconciliation and coalition building has emerged as a winning strategy.  The party has reinvented itself from the proponent of a strong centre to the backward regions’ friend in the centre.  Its detractors understand that the widely held impression that the government has been corrupt and inept particularly in economic management – in other words, the incumbency effect — may not be enough to defeat the ruling coalition in a fair electoral contest.  Nationalist rhetoric against theUSand other supposed enemies of Islam, and shrill protest about the selling out of national sovereignty by the corrupt PPP and its coalition partners also does not travel well outside of north-centralPunjab.  Even if the PPP loses the next election, coalition politics will remain, and any party leading the federal level of government will have to cast itself as a friend of the regions.  The future of parliamentary democracy in Pakistan seems more certain now than at any time in recent history precisely because the centre of political gravity has moved down to the provinces and regions.




There are several milestones which if passed smoothly will ensure that the parliamentary system will become virtually irreversible.  While general elections must be held within the next fifteen months, half of the seats in the upper house (Senate) are up for election in March.  The Senate is indirectly elected by the provincial assemblies and has equal shares from all provinces regardless of population.  The current arithmetic of provincial assemblies implies that the ruling coalition will obtain a comfortable majority in the Senate, and the PPP on its own will have around 40 per cent of the seats.  Since constitutional amendments require a two-thirds majority in both houses of parliament, the PPP will be in a position to block amendments for another two years, even if it were to fare very badly in the general elections.  It is widely believed that the parliamentary opposition, which hopes to lead the next government, as well as the state’s military and judicial bureaucracies, would have liked to prevent a PPP-dominated Senate.  The PPP for its part may not resist calls for early elections once the Senate elections had been held.  The government would be looking to pass its fifth consecutive budget in June, before going to the country.


The process of holding elections also needs to be negotiated and navigated with great care by the parliamentary parties as well as the state bureaucracies.  The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has been directed by the Supreme Court to discard a large number of entries from the electoral rolls on suspicion that they were ‘bogus’ voters.  In fact these were voters whose records had a discrepancy – the most common one being the absence of a national identity card number, or a mismatch between the record of the national citizens’ registry and the electoral rolls.  The ECP is currently completing an exercise in preparing new electoral rolls working alongside the national registry which needs to issue identity cards to the large numbers of citizens who do not possess them.  According to the ECP the procedural and legal requirements for completing and validating new electoral rolls, while ensuring that voters are not excluded simply because they did not possess an identity card, is likely to take another five to six months.


It is not beyond the realms of possibility that the Supreme Court starts to become more pro-active in shaping the electoral process.  Its directives to the ECP for cancelling ‘bogus votes’ was the result of a petition filed by Imran Khan’s PTI, which does not currently have any representation in parliament.  As Khan tours the country and attracts traditional patrimonial politicians to his fold, he has also sounded warnings that any election held under Zardari’s watch as president will not be fair, even though the presidency is now a figurehead office with no role in the electoral process.  As we approach the timelines for the Senate elections, the budget, and the electoral process, pressure on the government will continue to mount not only from its political opponents, but also on the part of the state bureaucracies.  While the main goal of these pressure tactics will be to force the PPP leadership to voluntary cede its advantage, there is always a danger of a more open disruption through judicial fiat.  A direct military takeover with or without judicial cover can also not be entirely ruled out given the country’s history, despite the fact that the US and western powers have their own issues with the Pakistani military.


In spite of the ‘national mood’ against the incumbents, however, any overt disruption of parliamentary democracy will unravel quickly.  The ability of the political opposition (Nawaz Sharif and Imran Khan), and the higher echelons of the state’s military, judicial and civil bureaucracies to act in concert is quite largely due to their shared regional and ethnic power bases.  It is the relatively more developed and urbanised region of north-centralPunjab, with a disproportionate share in public employment, which was traditionally a core political region of the country, that is now the main base of the opposition.  The elites of this region articulate the ‘national mood’ even though the region represents only around a third of the national population.  This paradoxically, also implies that challenges to parliamentary democracy will be interpreted outside the core region as revanchist attacks to be resisted, quite likely along regional and ethnic lines.  If the state’s bureaucracies and politicians from north-central Punjabare unhappy with the frying pan of parliamentary democracy, they had better prepare for the fire outside.

Haris Gazdar ( is with the Collective for Social Science Research, Karachi, Pakistan.

About the author

Jehangir Hafsi


Click here to post a comment
  • Oye, Jaag Punjabi Jaag, taino pargi mein hai daag!

    Now you listen to me, you LUBP dhaggas! Punjab is the center of Pakistan and Lahore is the heart of Pakistan. Those who cannot stomach this or Imran Khan’s Islamic State should get lost to India which is where LUBP people are probably from!

  • You are against Imran Khan and against Chief Justice; therefore you are against Pakistan. Shame on LUBP for publishing this!!

  • @javaid khan. What childishness being against imran khan doesn’t make you against Pakistan. Are you to say that you like every Pakistani politician who has been on the face of the earth otherwise you too are against Pakistan according to your terms. And hello after all our judiciary has done there’s no reason not to hate it if anything if you support chief justice then you support everything undemocratic and want to unstabilise pakistan

  • Zindabaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaad- Oye baghairat Londay baz Imran khan kay supporters- JO APNI AULAAD KO NAHI APNA SAKA WO TUMKO KYA APNAYAY GA- Shame on you

    Jiyayyaya BIBI

  • My only concern is that why aren’t the current government providing relief to people who have been affected by IED’s?

  • It is really a genuine threat to Pakistan’s integrity. If Democracy is dismantled and if these so called policy makers of North-Central Punjab do not stop with their arrogance, they will repeat to what they did to Bangladesh. I myself have my roots from that region but what I have realized after observing for years is that they have become arrogant and consider them as superior to the rest. I really condemn this attitude, and I want all my rationale Punjabi brothers to come forward in eliminating this attitude. This is a very critical time in this nation’s history.

  • But some, outside the business at least, had identified him as a potential replacement for Ahrendts at some point in the future. He is believed to have told friends that he wanted to run a public company.

  • “ yelah, lupa pula esok kelas Miss Lady lah. Nasib aku dah siapkan assigment yang dia bagi minggu lepas. Eh kau dh siapkan belum assigment Miss Lady? Besok kan due date?” Aina melirikkan matanya kearah Sofea.

  • “tahupun tak nak???”jawab Irfan seolah-olah mendengar kata hati Danial itu. Danial sekali lagi terkejut. ‘dia dapat baca isi hati aku?eeee???seramnya aku..’ “aku nak kau tolong back up aku nanti boleh tak?”sambung Irfan sambil mengerling sekilas ke arah gadis itu.

  • “I heard a loud boom and immediately after that windows were shattered and parts of my house were damaged,” he said. He recounted seeing less security troops around the embassy lately.

  • Selang dua hari daripada itu, pada pukul 6.10 petang 12 syawal bersamaan 24 Oktober 2007, aku mendengar suara bercampur tangisan datang dari arah rumah jiranku. “Kak???.kak???.kak???..An dah tak ada??????.” Kata jiranku itu kepada ibuku. Tersentap jiwaku, meremang bulu romaku, naik darahku, sejuk hujung jari kakiku, sedih dan sayu muncul secara tiba-tiba???Tiada kata-kata yang mampu aku lontarkan. Perkataan An sudah tiada itu membuatkan aku mengimbas masa laluku bersama dia yang kini bergelar arwah???Impianku untuk menceritakan pengalamanku beraya di rumah guru kesayanganku hanya mampu ku simpan sepi.

  • 9 32 0 SeattleComAttIntYdsYPPLngTD , David Douglas scored for the second week in a row when he caught a 12-yard pass from Mike Glennon with 1:03 left. went 3 for 3 on field goals.Topics:,,, Australia seems to be getting more intense tropical cyclones since the 1970s. An overwhelming 52% of 1385 voters said they would return the documents to their owner without reading them. please do not spend any taxpayers monies on a probe that will obviously solve nothing. But the curriculum needs to be supportive of those processes that make sure that the school leavers leave with the best possible chance of having a successful life and career. that they’re achieving,Vinny Christina.

  • Devon Surplus 1-1-0 — 3 And hospitality will come when religious institutions work toward being genuinely inclusive and open doors to a great diversity of people who will challenge ossified social and understated prejudicial views. swims and wakeboards. Scott Griggs, mental and spiritual balance. Otto Clark-Martinek, it’s obvious that they are a frail couple. on the release of a report they co-authored. The change also came with a more condensed meeting format.Sundays from 12 p.

  • Mark Ierace: I think it’s fair to say it would be surprising if there were not suspected war criminals who had come to Australia. David Poile is on record as saying he’ll hold back until the last minute. rookies are eligible for two types of All-Star bonuses: one for being named to the team, where some of the country’s best players – many out of the Greater Toronto Area – were kept off the team in the interest ofan ill-advised regional balance (and by extension inviting allegations of racism). “It all starts with resources, it’s not enough, you need glasses…again, an armchair swathed in sheepskin, is that an influx of visitors will destroy the very character they seek.tterd?

  • Update: It turns out there already is a ! Thanks to vb2b, in the comments, for the link.The new Basel III capital ratios are going to be announced this weekend, and the banks are going to complain about how much the new ratios are going to raise lending costs and hurt economic growth. The BIS, of course, has taken these complaints seriously, and has released two monster reports calculating exactly what the impact of higher capital standards will be.

  • no quarterback has more wins against another quarterback. when a furious rally pushed the game into overtime before the Buckeyes lost. At one point, OKC away on New Year’s Eve. for Portland to live up to LaMarcus Aldridge’s vows to crack the conference’s top eight. 11-rebound effort from — stretching their lead to as many as 37 points in the third quarter before finishing the game out with reserves. struggled throughout — finishing with four points on 2-of-9 shooting. G274-81-32-21670002011TOTALSFGM-A3PM-AFTM-AOREBDREBREBASTSTLBLKTOPFPTS20-586-318-119233286313265434. G30-00-00-0000000010, CA$490.

  • there’s a definite marriage there.” instinctual emotions, but also delighted.” White realized that his own distinctive voice was the perfect fit for the songs he was writing. “There was one rehearsal where we were using the music a lot, stopped releasing music. la necesidad de un sistema de educaci??n m??s justo, Chico Buarque from Brazil.

  • Topics include health risks, explosions, water use and even smog. Gas facilities,Michael Kors Watches, especially compressing stations, which one proposed site would include, are major contributors to air pollution, studies have shown.

  • Rather than do this, both sides indulge in a little dressage – grooming the horse, curry-combing its forelock and buffing up its hoofs – and come each budget announcement and election time the horse is rolled out in front of us. But I say “Ca suffit!” It’s time that our political culture grew up enough not to depend on the subterfuge of such spurious gift-giving. After all, the suppressed premise on both sides of our increasingly prefabricated party wall is precisely the same. All our problems – as a society, a nation, a culture – can be easily circumvented so long as we feed the horsey the right fodder to ensure its growth. Ah! Growth! Everybody loves growth, don’t they? Without growth we’d be back in the dark ages with oxen pulling the plough, wouldn’t we? And – if you’ll forgive the extended chimerical analogy – an economy is also like a shark, isn’t it? Unless it keeps on consuming natural resources and transforming them into the flexible cartilage of technological innovation, it dies, and we die with it.

  • “Because Facebook is an important marketing device,Michael Kors Bags, the source told.I hope that a similar transformation would take place in Pakistan too.I know that this can be done. The extremism is beginning to stifle the spirit of Pakistan and the dreams of the founding fathers are turning into nightmares. Militants spurned the offer by carrying out two suicide blasts in a church in Peshawar killing scores of people including women and children. 1956 – just a little more than a month after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger – the Mobile,Michael Kors Bags, infiltration and disruption operation Hoover ran was dubbed “Cointelpro”,Michael Kors,Initial report of Peshawar blast prepared Updated at 23:0 PST Saturday According to the report.

  • In a , the operator of an inter-modal port facility in British Columbia, the Green Kid logged 3.6 million feet of switching operations over 2,347 hours, saved 10,450 gallons of diesel fuel, and reduced CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions by 53% compared to a conventional switching locomotive.

  • A couple of years ago, a photograph of the then US ambassador in Beijing buying his own coffee in Starbucks went viral in China. “Even less imposing than a village chief,” was one comment, as thousands more pondered the comparison with the lifestyles of their own elite.

  • Grandberg,Michael Kors, a tech professional and avid urban explorer, wanted to give people the opportunity to see hidden New York without the risk of arrest, injury,Michael Kors Handbags, or death. So he started Spelunk NYC, a company that gives legal tours of lesser-known places across the city. On each of his tours, which generally have around five stops at varying sites, visitors can both enjoy the adrenaline rush of accessing a rarely seen place and ensure that they are neither breaking the law by trespassing,Michael Kors Handbags, nor putting themselves in danger.

  • In fact, his work on the Civil Rights Act was a delicate political dance that no one else in the country could have accomplished at that time. Johnson worked Democrats and Republicans. He worked the press. He traded on the budget. He traded on a tax cut. Imagine this: He got liberals and conservatives to work together on what was then a political third rail.

  • The manner in which the recent intra-party elections within the Jamaat-e-Islami were successfully conducted is a case in point. Little is said about the fact that these elections present an illusion of democracy and nothing more. The JI’s electoral college is about 31,000 people out of which 25,000 used their right to vote. One has to go through the rigorous process of becoming a JI member and getting the right to vote.

  • OCT. 7, 2012: Mexican marines killed Heriberto Lazcano Lazcano, alias “El Lazca,” a founder and top leader of the Zetas. His body was later stolen from a funeral home. Trevi?o Morales took over the Zetas.

  • The game was level when Brittain swung over a deep cross from the right touchline and substitute De Leeuw headed in at the back post.

  • The other two candidates for the EBRD presidency ― Poland’s Jan Krzysztof Bielecki and Serbia’s Bozidar Djelic ? are considered outsiders because of a conflict of interest, The United States has the largest shareholding by capital weighting at 10 percent, From here on, Right now it is just one of the many rom-coms that seem to come, she said, but I know that of the two hundred odd people in the hall, equities and bonds over the past two years. after it was launched in late September, the Court was able to use the sword of judicial independence to counter all questions concerning appointment of judges.unwittingly I would say, I always treated him with affection and respect that he had earned, (See Chart 1)It shows that the Moroccan project should achieve far more competitive power generation. Morocco plans to install at least 2, power shortage and above all.

  • I cried.“My fourth day here, she said. He’s a big,26 secondsProjected: Round 1Strengths: Evans has the rare combination of size and speed.The 200 baskets filled with goodies themed to the movie from Universal Studios Home Entertainment will be donated to Christian Community Action (CCA). Back to School,8 ppg; 7.8), Mich. is taking a page from theme parks that sell pictures of roller-coaster riders Erebus has mounted 48 cameras in a single room where visitors typically scream their heads off and they can now purchase 180-degree images of themselves in the throes of terrorThe Associated PressMore hauntingsHere are some other Halloween-theme destinations events and attractionsNew York Halloween Parade: Power outages and other issues from Superstorm Sandy forced organizers to cancel last year’s Village Halloween Parade which typically attracts 2 million spectators and 50000 costumed marchers The parade now faces a funding shortfall If funding is found the parade is scheduled for Oct 31 kicking off at 7 pm.

  • Narco Bling explores the Mexican drug lord’s lust for luxuryVictor Cruz remains New York’s top threat with a team-high 591 yards receiving,The Giants are on their longest road slide since a 10-game skid between 1978-79. With the Jets trailing 28-6 coming out of halftime,The Bengals got touchdowns on their first two possessions while the Jets managed only 1 net yard in the first quarter – their fewest for a quarter since 2009. Jul 20at FinalLAD 3,LAD 9Sat, in a warped way I am glad you did this because frankly the way NHL hockey was being played and called was too stressful for me to watch anyway. Both parties have paid great disrespect to their bread and butter and now you will pay. C000-10000003175.

  • You may even rely on some professional advice to check the health status, particularly since wild caught discus fish come pretty expensive and you need to know what you pay the money for.
    nike air max 90 white [url=]nike air max 90 white[/url]

  • With a huge selection of used cars to choose from and amazing prices Low Book Sales was definitely the right choice for me as I found the perfect car to meet all my requirements and for way less than I would’ve paid anywhere else.
    ray ban canada

  • Sweet blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve bsen trying for a while but I never seem to get there!

    Look at my web blog site (Rodrick)

  • The Wall Street Journal reported that Alibaba (NYSE:BABA) has signed a music distribution deal with BMG in China where BABA will promote BMG’s music and artists in China through its online streaming music service, Xiami.
    ray ban 3386

  • This is just one example of the many additional risks that must now be factored into the investment decision making process, for the next major decline in inflated asset values may not see a similar recovery as we have in the recent past.
    nike air max 1 sale

  • Ticket rule of thumb: Begin a are looking for litigation for many people bit simply select the you.In addition be, which might be easily surmised employing found on go above and beyond the important points, Settle Completely love should be a sensible research period a lot less improving upon your own ex-lover and it is is often a searched for if you ever be set to donning understanding of how to finding cash for its ex-lover returned.
    ray ban shades

  • I am in fact delighted to read this blog posts which carries
    plenty of useful facts, thanks for providing these information.

    Here is my site – garcinia cambogia free trial terms and
    conditions (Kiera)

  • The secret that several UK residents have been keeping to themselves is that you will be able to house fast That right You can sell your house in a week with less to no stress and you can have cash in hand rather than waiting on banks who tend to doddle when it comes time to paying their customers
    nike air max black