Original Articles

General Kayani and CJ Iftikhar Chaudhry agree on Judicial Coup in January 2012

Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry has a history of working with military dictators as long as they don't touch his job.

There are some clear signs that Pakistan’s military establishment and its allies (commonly known as Teen Jeem (3 Js), i.e., “Jenerals” and their loyalist judges and journalists) have decided to derail the fragile democratic set up in Pakistan. According to informed sources, a senior army officer held an important meeting with an influential Supreme Court judge in the second week of December. The judge is currently hearing a number of important cases against the elected government. Apparently, both institutions (army and judiciary) have agreed in principle to inflict fatal damage to the elected government by removing Asif Zardari from Presidency in January 2012. In the likely event that the Prime Minister and the parliament might hit back, the Supreme Court has agreed to help in dissolving the parliament and installing a technocrat government in February which will be vital to engineer the conducting and results of general elections in the last quarter of 2012.

Army wants Zardari out but no coup

According to a Reuters report:

Pakistan’s powerful army is fed up with unpopular President Asif Ali Zardari and wants him out of office, but through legal means and without a repeat of the coups that are a hallmark of the country’s 64 years of independence, military sources said. Tensions are rising between Pakistan’s civilian leaders and its generals over a memo that accused the army of plotting a coup after the U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden in May. “Who isn’t fed up with Zardari? It’s not just the opposition and the man on the street but people within the government too,” said one military source who asked not to be named.

Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry’s affirmative signal to General Kayani

Pakistan’s Supreme Court is already signalling to the almighty army that it is ready to take (de facto) legal (but de jure illegal and unconstitutional) action against President Zardari.

For example, the following report of the memo case proceedings in the Supreme Court:

On the question of constitutional immunity to President Asif Ali Zardari, the Supreme Court made it clear on Thursday that immunity to anyone did not apply automatically as it ruled in clear terms that in order to benefit from this constitutional provision, the court had to be asked for it.
“In a case wherein a high personality is involved, but claims to have constitutional immunity for submitting replies to the court, there is a legal principle which says that the court has to be asked for it,” Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry told Attorney General Maulvi Anwarul Haq during the hearing of the memo case. A nine-member larger bench headed by Chaudhry is hearing the petitions.
The chief justice had previously hinted on many occasions that immunity to the president under Article 248 of the constitution was still an undecided issue and anyone seeking it would have to come to the Supreme Court for a judgement.

Pakistan army is playing a clandestine role, through right-wing Islamist parties and the Supreme Court, to topple the elected government.

Pakistan’s PM Gilani warns against a judicio-military conspiracy to derail democracy

Pakistan’s Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said Thursday (22 December 2011) there was a “conspiracy” to overthrow his elected government and, in unusually candid remarks, reminded the country’s powerful armed forces that they are subservient to elected politicians.

Mr. Gilani, who heads the Pakistan People’s Party-led government, stopped short of blaming the army for playing a role in a move by a right-wing opposition party (PML-N), through the Supreme Court, to topple the elected government. But the remarks show a newfound assertiveness in the PPP to push back against its detractors, including the armed forces.

“I want to make it clear that there are conspiracies going on to pack up the elected government,” Mr. Gilani said at a government function.

The Prime Minister said that all the State institutions were answerable to the Parliament and there could not be “a State within State”.Responding to a point of order of Leader of the Opposition Ch Nisar Ali Khan regarding reply of the Defence Ministry to the Supreme Court that the Army and the ISI are not subordinate to the ministry, the Prime Minister said, “if the Army considers itself a State within State, then it is unacceptable.”“We will have to come out of this slavery,” he said. “If we will remain subordinate to this system, then there is no need of the parliament,” he added.

The Prime Minister said the government had made the armed forces accountable to the Parliament. “We have the highest regard for the armed forces and assumed ownership on war on terror and stood shoulder to shoulder with our armed forces in difficult times”. He said the government firmly stood with the institutions and fully protected them after the Mumbai incident. “I even sacked Gen (Retd) Mahmood Durrani for giving an irresponsible statement on the issue.”

Prime Minister Gilani reiterated that the government fully supported the armed forces on May 2 issue of Osama bin Laden and the NATO attacks at Salala check post in Mohmand Agency. “The democratic government has always emboldened the image of security forces on all issues,” he said. The government always stood by the institutions and realizing the sacrifices of our soldiers for the cause of country, it raised their salaries by hundred percent, he added.

The Prime Minister said he was not criticizing anybody but making it clear that the joint session of the Parliament was convened soon after the May 2 incident to probe how Osama bin Laden managed to live in Pakistan for six years and on which visa he came here. Referring to the Abbottabad Commission, he said that now the issuance of visas from Washington was being highlighted and the entire responsibility was being shifted towards the civilian government. (Source)

Mr. Gilani’s reference to a conspiracy comes amid efforts to unseat his administration over an issue, known as Memogate, which revolves around allegations the government sent a short note in May to President Barack Obama’s government asking for its help to counter the domestic political power of Pakistan’s armed forces.

The government denies involvement with the unsigned memo and says the affair is a non-issue. But Nawaz Sharif, leader of the country’s largest opposition party, earlier this month asked the Supreme Court to investigate, and has called for elections, not due until 2013. In a written deposition to the court, army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani said he backed a full inquiry. On Thursday, the Supreme Court adjourned a hearing on Mr. Sharif’s petition without making a decision about whether to appoint a commission to look in to the matter. It will reconvene Friday.

Leaders of the PPP, co-chaired by Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari, say they don’t believe the army would go as far as a coup to unseat the government. But they believe Gen. Kayani, who is said to dislike Mr. Zardari, is playing a behind-the-scenes role in fomenting trouble for the government through the Supreme Court.

The PPP, which came to power in 2008, has allowed the military a broad remit to run foreign affairs and defense, in an attempt to stave off any prospect of a coup. The army has directly ruled Pakistan for about half its 64-year history, most recently for a decade until 2008. While Gen. Kayani, who took his post in 2007, has so far kept to promises not to formally take power, the army has continued to play an outsized domestic political role.

Mr. Gilani’s remarks Thursday, in which he pointed out the army was paid for by people’s taxes and must answer to the government, are his first of this type and show a newfound mettle in the PPP’s response to the current crisis.

“Neither the PPP nor the government want to go to battle with the military,” a senior PPP official said. “But we feel that it’s critical to achieve a true democracy where all institutions know their boundaries and work within them.” (Source: WSJ)

From 2007:

Benazir Bhutto criticizes ethnic and political bias of Pakistan’s Supreme Court led by Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry

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  • Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani needs to be thoroughly commended for his very timely and brave speech on the floor of the National Assembly on December 22. In it, he said many of the things that need to be said at this stage, by the country’s elected chief executive, as tensions between the civilian government and the military simmer to a boil. Perhaps responding to the ministry of defence’s reply to the Supreme Court of a day earlier, which had suggested that the army and the ISI were not under its control, the prime minister very rightly said that there “can’t be a state within the state; [and that] they [the establishment] would always be answerable to parliament”. He added that all institutions of the country are answerable to parliament and this is how things should be in fully functional democracy where rule of law and the Constitution is supreme. The prime minister is also correct when he says that it was the civilian government which put its full weight behind the establishment after the May 2 raid in Abbottabad or after the Salala raid of November 26. For that, he feels, it is getting a very raw deal. Perhaps, one particularly telling remark of his was when he indirectly referred to calls being made regarding the alleged issuance of visas to Americans by the country’s former ambassador to the US, Husain Haqqani, saying that he wanted to know how Osama bin Laden was living in the country for six years.
    Of course, it doesn’t help this government in particular, in that its record on governance and delivering public services to citizens is most inadequate. However, the issue in question is not the performance of the present government per se, but rather that of which institution is supreme according to the country’s Constitution, and whether the powerful military is to be subordinate to parliament. Since the latter represents the popular will of the people, as manifest through the holding of general elections, it necessarily follows that the parliament be sovereign in its role as the nation’s supreme decision-making body, and all other institutions of state be answerable/accountable to it. The reality is otherwise as many of us know. The establishment is in charge of large sections of foreign policy and in many instances also calls the shots with regards to domestic policy. It has appropriated to itself the states policies towards important matters such as ties with America, with India and the country’s participation in the war on terror and the fight against domestic militancy and extremism. What is being advocated is not exactly heretical or extraordinary. It happens, by and large, next-door in India, where an elected civilian government, albeit with allegations of corruption and a tainted public image, has a military that is subordinate to it. The reason that India never had a military coup is because its civilian leaders asserted themselves and the country held regular elections. Parties contested them, the winners making a government, and if they did badly and failed to deliver, the people voted them out at the next election. This, indeed, is how things are done in a mature democracy, something Pakistan can, for now, only aspire to.
    In this context, Prime Minister Gilani’s remarks make eminent sense and should be welcomed by all those who want to see the country as a state that operates as a fully functional democracy and not one where the military dominates all other institutions, and where policies formulated by the establishment guide the nation. It goes without saying that in a democracy, all institutions of the state are answerable and hence subservient to parliament. This stand should have been taken by the PPP, which has fought several dictatorships in the past, in the first place, but better late than never. While the prime minister rightly made a strong case for the government to be allowed to complete its term, he did say that the military was “disciplined” and that it “followed the Constitution”. This is also welcome because it does not make for a blame-game and in fact, suggests an attempt by him to assuage the powerful institution, while at the same time clearly saying that whatever is happening will not be taken lying down by the PPP-led government.
    Published in The Express Tribune, December 23rd, 2011.

  • Husain Haqqani engineered the confrontation between army and PPP.

    Zardari has acted stupidly by sacrificing his party’s government to save the career of a patent opportunist.

  • ریاست کے اندر ریاست کی اجازت نہیں:گیلانی
    اعجاز مہر
    بی بی سی اردو ڈاٹ کام، اسلام آباد
    آخری وقت اشاعت: جمعرات 22 دسمبر 2011

    وزیراعظم پاکستان یوسف رضا گیلانی نے کہا ہے کہ ریاست کے اندر ریاست قائم کرنے کی اجازت نہیں دی جاسکتی اور فوج سمیت تمام ادارے پارلیمان کو جوابدہ ہیں اور کوئی قانون سے بالاتر نہیں۔

    انہوں نے یہ بات انٹیلی جنس ایجنسی ‘آئی ایس آئی‘ کا نام لیے بنا ان کی طرف اشارہ کرتے ہوئے جمعرات کو قومی اسمبلی میں اپوزیشن لیڈر چوہدری نثار علی خان کے نکتہ اعتراض کا جواب دیتے ہوئے کہی۔

    انہوں نے کہا کہ اگر کوئی سمجھتا ہے کہ وہ پارلیمان کو جوابدہ نہیں ہے تو یہ اس کی غلط فہمی ہے اور یہ بات کسی طور پر قبول نہیں۔

    انہوں نے کہا ’جب قائد اعظم نے ملک بنایا اور آزادی دلوائی تو اس کا مطلب یہ تھا کہ ہم یہاں آزادی سے رہ سکیں۔ لیکن اگر یہاں بھی ہم نے محکوم ہی رہنا ہے تو اس حکومت، پارلیمان اور نظام کا کوئی فائدہ نہیں ہے۔ اگر آپ اس ایوان کے رکن ہیں تو اس کا مطلب ہے کہ آپ آزاد ہیں‘۔

    وزیراعظم سید یوسف رضا گیلانی کافی پراعتماد دکھائی دیے اور ان کے لب و لہجہ سے لگ رہا تھا کہ وہ فوجی قیادت کے ساتھ متنازع میمو کے معاملے پر پیدا ہونے والے سخت اختلافات کے بعد فوجی قیادت کو واضح پیغام دینا چاہتے ہیں کہ وہ کسی قیمت پر دباؤ قبول نہیں کریں گے۔

    انہوں نے کہا کہ حکومت نے فوج کو پارلیمان کے سامنے جوابدہ اس نیت سے نہیں بنایا گیا ہے کہ اپوزیشن کی سبکی ہو بلکہ پارلیمان مضبوط ہو۔

    ’ہمیں فوج کے لیے بے حد احترام ہے اور ہم مشکل وقت میں فوج کے ساتھ کھڑے ہوئے اور ان کا وقار بلند کیا ۔۔۔ چاہے وہ سوات آپریشن ہو یا قبائلی علاقوں میں کارروائی ۔۔|۔ ممبئی حملہ ہو یا نیٹو حملہ فوج پر کوئی حرف آنے نہیں دیا ۔۔۔جب اسامہ بن لادن کا معاملہ ہوا تو ہم سیسہ پلائی ہوئی دیوار کے طور پر کھڑے ہوگئے اور ملٹری اسٹیبلشمینٹ کا امیج بلند کیا ۔۔۔ مشکل معاشی صورتحال کے باوجود فوج کی تنخواہ دوگنی کردی۔۔ وہ ریاست کے اندر ریاست نہیں ہوسکتے۔۔ وہ پارلیمان کو جوابدہ ہیں۔‘

    “ہم نے ان سے کہا کہ یہ معلوم کریں کہ اسامہ بن لادن چھ سال سے پاکستان میں کیسے رہ رہا تھا تو وہ ہم سے پوچھتے ہیں کہ امریکیوں کو ویزے کیسے دیے ۔۔۔ میں ان سے پوچھتا ہوں کہ اسامہ بن لادن کس کے ویزے پر یہاں آئے؟”
    وزیر اعظم

    وزیراعظم نے کہا کہ ’پینتالیس ماہ وزیر اعظم کے طور پر گزارنے کے بعد میں پاکستانی تاریخ کا طویل عرصہ وزیر اعظم رہنے والا شخص ہوں ۔۔۔ ہم عوام کے منتخب لوگ ہیں اور عوام کی بہتری اور پارلیمان کے وقار کے لیے کام کرتے رہیں گے۔‘
    انہوں نے اسامہ بن لادن کے بارے میں تحقیقات کرنے والے کمیشن کے بارے میں کہا کہ ’ہم نے ان سے کہا کہ یہ معلوم کریں کہ اسامہ بن لادن چھ سال سے پاکستان میں کیسے رہ رہا تھا تو وہ ہم سے پوچھتے ہیں کہ امریکیوں کو ویزے کیسے دیے ۔۔۔ میں ان سے پوچھتا ہوں کہ اسامہ بن لادن کس کے ویزے پر یہاں آئے؟‘
    وزیراعظم کی تقریر کے بعد حکومتی اراکین نے زوردار انداز میں ڈیسک بجائے اور زندہ باد کے نعرے لگائے۔ اس دوران وزیر اعظم اٹھ کر ایوان صدر میں ملاقات کے لیے چلے گئے جبکہ چوہدری نثار بھی اپنے چیمبر کی طرف چلے گئے۔

    قبل ازیں اپوزیشن لیڈر چوہدری نثار علی خان نے کہا کہ ماضی میں ہر اپوزیشن حکومت کو گرانے کی سازش کرتی رہی ہے لیکن موجودہ اپوزیشن جمہوری نظام کے خلاف حکومت کا ساتھ دے رہی ہے۔ ’میں پارلیمان کی چھت پر کہنے کو تیار ہوں کہ ہم کسی غیر آئینی تبدیلی کا حصہ نہیں بنیں گے۔


  • In compliance with the orders of the Supreme Court, former ambassador to the US Husain Haqqani was brought to the court under a tight security cover on Thursday to meet his lawyer Asma Jahangir to submit his rejoinder.
    During the hearing of the memo case, when the SC inquired Asma about the rejoinder of his client, she said she was facing difficulties in contacting him. She told the court that she was not being allowed to meet Haqqani on the pretext of security reasons. To a court query, she said Haqqani was being kept under tight security. “It is a violation of human rights,” the chief justice noted and directed Attorney General Maulvi Anwarul Haq to immediately arrange Asma’s meeting with her client. “Don’t worry, nobody will dare touch your client,” the chief justice told Asma. “Gone are the days when people were kept in illegal custody,” Justice Jawwad S Khawaja remarked. Therefore, complying with the SC orders, Haqqani was brought to the SC in a bulletproof car under tight security cover through the public entry gate at 1pm.
    When he reached the premises, he was not allowed to talk to reporters and was escorted by plainclothesmen to the attorney general’s office, where he met Asma. The attorney general was present in the meeting, which continued from 1:15pm to 4:40pm.
    Upon reaching the SC, Haqqani, who seemed to be very nervous and weak, made a victory sign to the reporters.
    Asma calls memo ‘highly politicised’: Meanwhile, Asma Jahangir has said that the memogate issue was “highly politicised”, but the people were enlightened enough to realise it.


  • ’ آئی ایس آئی مقدمہ بھی سنا جانا چاہیے‘
    آخری وقت اشاعت: جمعرات 22 دسمبر 2011 ,‭ 16:54 GMT 21:54

    متبادل میڈیا پلیئر چلائیں
    ممتاز قانون دان عابد حسن منٹو نے کہا کہ سیاسی جماعتوں کو سپریم کورٹ سے کہنا چاہیے کہ وہ آئی ایس آئی کے کردار سے متعلق دائر پیٹیشنوں کا فیصلہ کرے


  • instead of finding the real culprit…we are busy in destroying each other so that nothing ever comes to light…and everyone is martyr….LET CJP and histeam to workout the solution…if cjp is baised why not govt ompeach him and remove kayani,pasha as in turkey…they do nt have the courage as they all are….as per media are busy in making money..jhammoriat is never in trouble but ppl running it…

  • “We are being asked by the judicial [Abbottabad] commission about issuance of visas (to Americans). But I want to ask how Osama bin Laden lived here for the past six years? On what type of visa was he living here,” – Unanimously Elected, Prime Minister “Yousaf R Gilani”

    This can be a front cover quote for a book , who ever wants to write a book on Mighty Military of Pak in future.

  • Nadeem_Gehla Ahmad Nadeem Gehla
    The snakes in Media, Hussain Haqqani fed with milk have supported trap of ‘Judicial Probe’ from which he is trying to get out!

    Nadeem_Gehla Ahmad Nadeem Gehla
    پی ایم ہاوس میں ایک آدمی رہ رہا ہے،وہ خوفزدہ ہے، چیف جسٹس

    najamsethi Najam Sethi
    Karl Inderfurth, then Asst Sec of State for S Asia, confirmed in tv interview with me 2010 that Shabaz asked for US help in thwarting coup!

    Nadeem_Gehla Ahmad Nadeem Gehla
    problem is that high profile people like you would not bring these facts before courts but on Twitter. Why not a CM in memo case @najamsethi

    NadeemfParacha Nadeem F. Paracha
    150 goats stolen in Faisalabad tribune.com.pk/story/307995/r… Contact Mansoor Ijaz. Most probably he knows who stole them.

    Chiltan salma jafar
    @NadeemfParacha and u are talking about goats, faisalabad and two imbeciles MI and HH

    abbasnasir59 Abbas Nasir
    Sh Rasheed, known for toeing the ISI line,says @husainhaqqani has sent a msg to Khakis to turn ‘State Witness’ in Memogate.Sh is disgusting

    syedmhaider Syed M Haider
    Has anyone noticed? Ever since @husainhaqqani has been in the PM house, Mr. Gillani has become emphatic in his speeches, & a bit articulate!

    syedmhaider Syed M Haider
    Also, Mr. Gilani has become more hostile towards military & is using apt couplets to sum-up his arguments. Another @husainhaqqani influence?

    Chiltan salma jafar
    This means govt can if it wants to, take stance with the Army on issues which are close to its heart. #Memo #PM

  • What has brought both the government and the army to this terminus? What does one want that the other is unwilling to, or cannot, concede? Why can the two sides no longer agree to a compensation value? Why doesn’t either side see any point in negotiating any more? What has the army asked of the civilians that has made it prohibitively expensive, even impossible, for them to turn back?

    After the boys got Haqqani’s scalp, most people expected things to settle down. But it is increasingly obvious now that the memo was just an excuse: that silly yet fatal mistake the army was waiting for the government to make so that it could go for the kill.

    Mehreen Zahra-Malik


  • PML-N’s help sought to down government

    While its leader has gone out of his way to openly reject any military intervention, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) has been approached by elements within the security establishment, which is seeking help in dislodging the government, The Express Tribune has learnt.

    The PML-N remains non-committal, however.

    According to well-placed sources, the PML-N leadership is willing to get onboard only after concrete guarantees and on certain terms of conditions.

    In the aftermath of the Memogate issue, officials of the country’s premier intelligence agency have been shuttling back and forth to take the PML-N on board, sources say.

    A brigadier of the intelligence agency held detailed sessions with three key leaders of the PML-N’s second-tier leadership, days before hearing on Memogate scandal started in the Supreme Court on December 1st. Later meetings were held with the party’s top leadership, sources add.

    These meetings took place on the nights between November 27 and 28, and November 28 and 29; the first one in Islamabad, the second one in Murree.

    Sources say the opposition party was given blueprints of a possible scenario sans President Zardari – a 2007-like, ‘emergency plus’ situation, with a pledge of holding fresh polls within three months.

    The same official, according to some sources – other sources say it was a different official of the same rank – held a meeting with a top judicial officer during the same period.

    No guarantees, no decision

    Of the limited choices available to oust an adamant president, a ‘quasi-judicial-military coup’ appeared to be the top option.

    For the PML-N though, making unconditional, solemn commitments was not viable, especially when there were no guarantees that the promise of new polls within the given time frame will be met.

    The indecisiveness was later evident from the mixed signals coming through different quarters in the party.

    A party MNA from Potohar, on National Assembly floor, termed the alleged memo a ‘mere piece of paper’. A senator, and a relative of Sharifs, who had been one of the three interlocutors at the late November meetings, rebutted the MNA’s claim, and called it his ‘personal point of view’.

    Denial by spokesperson

    The reports of his party leadership’s secret contacts with the security establishment were denied by the PML-N spokesperson Mushahidullah Khan. He said the reports are wrong, and based on misconception.

    “At the moment, the so-called security establishment is weak and not able to maneuver in politics as they used to in the past,” he said.“The establishment has been ‘pampering’ our party’s rivals,” he said, referring to the alleged backing of the establishment to the Imran Khan. “The position has changed now,” he asserted. “If [Nawaz Sharif] sends a signal, the establishment would run towards him. It is they who might need us, not the other way round.”

    Military ‘fed up’

    Later on Thursday, Reuters, quoting military sources, reported that Pakistan’s army is ‘fed up with unpopular President Zardari and wants him out of office, but through ‘legal’ means and without a coup.

    “Who isn’t fed up with Zardari? It’s not just the opposition and the man on the street but people within the government too,” the agency quoted an anonymous military source.

    “But there has to be a proper way. No action is being planned by the army. Even if we tried, it would be very unpopular.”

    The military spokesperson declined comment.

    One of the military sources was quoted as suggesting that no direct action would be needed since the government had already made so many mistakes. The agents of change, military sources hint, would not be them – it would be the Supreme Court. “If the army moves to do anything it would have national as well as international repercussions,” said another military source.

    This was echoed by a senior PPP leader. “I am not bothered about the army. I think they are acting very sensibly at the moment,” the PPP leader told Reuters. “The worry probably would be what the Supreme Court does.” (With additional input from Reuters)


  • Politics is a game of nerves and black mail big time:

    After killing of Osama the game has accelerated to a great extent. West generally and USA specially believe that Osama was in the shelter of Pakistani “Establishment”. So they started tightening of screw around Pak Army. Pak Army knows without them the war against terrorism is just a waste of money and men, in fact, West badly need Pakistan in this war. So they made eyeball to eyeball contact. USA has resorted to their old and tested tactics of carrot and sticks till the opponent is tired enough to be tamed. They have stopped all dollar and arms & ammunication traffic to Pakistan. “Even if they do not come into senses and do not do as directed the next step would be sanctions”.

    Establishment firmly believes that tip of Osama location was provided to USA by Asif Zardari. In the meantime a Memogate surfaced and Establishment decided to kill the nark through judiciary (the core issue in this thread). But PPP is playing their cards safe and sound. Looks like Memogate case is losing its credibility after clear contradictions in Mansoor Ijaz and James Jones affidavits. Asma Jehangir would not remain silent if the SC ignores the set principles of justice.

    PPP, after accepting the fact Establishment wants no more PPP government, have started to spell out the hidden truth publicly and also they have indicated what strategy would they adopt if Asif Zardari is ousted. Indirectly they have indicated they have no desire to play Sind card but if they were pushed to wall they would and for which Baluchistan and KPK are awaiting so anxiously. The Establishment and Judiciary realized the gravity and both came out with the statement there would be no military take over. But the game is not over, the advance and retreat game would continue. Nawaz Sharif must know they would never be the pick of Establishment as the latter have already invested a lot on Imran Khan.

    The fact of the matter is that Pakistan can not afford to have confrontation with USA for a longer period. It is not the dollar that is a matter of concern, it is the military equipment and spare parts which have been plugged. The F16’s would start remaining grounded for want of spare parts replenishments. No further addition to the Pak arsenal while India would continue to grow heavier and heavier in this direction. America can not afford to see Pakistan a terrorist state for the world. The heat is on.