Original Articles

Pervasive chauvinism towards women -by Saria Benazir


Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person. Men and women of full age without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry or to have a family.

They entitled to equal rights as to marriage and its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the attending spouses.

The family is the natural and fundamental group, unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and state”. But “the right to life of women in Pakistan is conditional on their obeying social norms and traditions”.

Pakistan has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1996, still women continue to be ‘commoditized’-bartered for land or money, given as swara (compensation for murder/dispute settlement) or watta satta (men acquire a wife by offering a sister or daughter in exchange), women are abused, raped or murdered by close relatives. ‘Honor’ killing was once an unusual custom but has more recently evolved into a common practice in which men kill sisters, daughters, or other female family members to avenge a ‘shame’ or ‘dishonor’ she is accused of bringing upon her family or tribe.

Behaviors considered to be ‘dishonorable’ are many and can include a woman wanting to marry a man of her choice; wishing to seek employment outside the home; publicly disobeying the family patriarch; being accused of having illicit relations or seeking a divorce.

Pakistani women are trapped in a web of dependency and subordination due to their low social, economic, and political status in society. The majority of women suffer from all forms of poverty.

In order to change women’s position and societal view of their inferiority, structural changes need to be brought about in the social and economic order that shape our social world. Presently, in order to maintain the status quo, institutionalized violence against women at the family, community, and state levels is used as a mechanism to ensure their compliance with gender norms. This serves to prevent any attempt leading to the subversion of the male order.

Ironically, at the same time, a great deal of rhetorical attention has been paid to gender issues at the national level. Pakistan has made several commitments at national and international forums to ensure gender equality at home.

However, there is a wide gap between commitment and implementation. The persuasion of the State to translate its commitment to gender equality into concrete reality is the major challenge faced by women in Pakistan.

Feminization of poverty is a global phenomenon. Women are the poorest among the poor and the most vulnerable among communities. Social relations of gender mediate women’s experience of poverty. Poverty in Pakistan has “woman’s face.”

There are considerable intrahouse hold disparities in food distribution and investment of resources between male and female members. Among poorer households, incidence of chronic malnutrition is higher among female children. Women’s access and control over productive resources are extremely limited. In addition to suffering from the same deprivations as men, women face the additional suffering of unequal opportunities to education, health, and other social services due to patriarchal control over their sexuality and cultural restrictions over their mobility.

Violence against women is a fundamental violation of the human right to life, physical safety, self-respect, and dignity. It is the manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women.

The social construction of gender establishes male authority and power over women, and provides the basis for gender-based violence in the society. Women are also victims of male honor. If the male honor is compromised in any way, the womenfolk of the rival party are humiliated by being made to strip off in public and paraded through the streets to take revenge from the family.

Marital rape is not even recognized as a criminal offense in Pakistani law, which is a negation of women’s right over their own sexuality. Rape in police custody is also widespread but vastly underreported as it involves members of the police as the perpetrators of this crime.

The provision of the Hudood Ordinance that requires four adult male Muslims of good repute as witnesses of the actual rape or the rapist to confess as a condition of proving rape has made it impossible for rape victims to get justice. Under this law, if a rape victim cannot prove rape she can be charged with and sentenced for adultery.

Trafficking of women is also on the rise. Foreign women from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar are brought to Pakistan and sold. Kidnapping, forced prostitution, and sexual violence at the workplace are other forms of violence on the rise.

Customary practices that include exchange of women between families, selling and buying women as a commodity, using women as barter to settle family disputes, marriage to Quran, and killing them in the name of honor are other forms of violence against women being condoned in the name of tradition and culture.

The increasing violence against women is a matter of serious concern. A society where violence against women is endemic can never fully develop either socially or economically.

Violence in the private domain undermines women’s confidence and self-esteem and destroys their health, while the fear of sexual assault in the public domain deprives them of their full participation in all aspects of development.

This is a high social and economic cost for the society to pay. In the words of Martin Luther King, “A mother’s place is inside her home, but she should also make certain, she gets outside that home enough to help worth while crusades and actively mould the country her children will live in.

She therefore holds a key position and her role in shaping the fate of the nation must be recognized and respected.”

About the author

Junaid Qaiser

41 Comments

Click here to post a comment
  • a well writen article regarding women suppression in pakistan.u have raised very important issues which r rarely given space in mainstream media.generally speaking, women position vis-a`-vis men is one of systematic gender subordination. it is rooted in the culture of dicrimination which denies women equal rights with men. Especially, ‘violence in private domain’is often ignored and rarely reported.what worries me is that even educated and financially independent women ,who r a victim of such abuse, donot raise their voice against it. family repute, lack of support from friends and relatives and pressure from society stops women from speaking up against domestic abuse, both psycological and physical. ‘understanding’ of a problem and ‘recognising’ it paves the way for its solution. ‘ROLE OF JUDICIARY’ is very important when it comes to honour killing , hudood ordinances, marriage to quran, rape etc. the ”controversial”verdict by the superior judiciary in mukhtara mai case is fresh in our minds. i really appreciate the writer for highlighting this very important issue. and thanks to LUBP team for publishing it.welldone, saria and keep it up.

  • Internal direct, training, contentment, honour, forbearance plus sentence. Usually a percentage of issues that Tang Soo Write, the actual Mandarin chinese martial art related to self-defense, can educate we moreover instilling in you the strength not just in defend your business women and males capability related with spotting hazard joins to refrain from giving confrontation completely.

  • This is this kind of a fantastic resource that you are offering and you give it away free of charge. I adore seeing internet sites that understand the worth of offering a top quality resource for free. It?s the outdated what goes about arrives about program.

  • all in the interest of maximizing total rental revenue. was the moderator. Journalists shouldn’t engage in public activity–either online or offline–that could call into question their ability to report a story fairly. The executive director of the UN’s Environment Programme, who are the ones to bear the costs of preserving and conserving resources,3 billion in Federal Funds$167 million in MTA Bus Federal and City Match$762 million from City Capital Funds$1.5 billion in MTA Bonds$2 billion in MTA Bridges and Tunnels dedicated funds$6. Interest-rate caps and interchange fees will more likely drive consumer credit out of the market and many community banks out of business.Blavatnik is fresh off completing the WMG purchase.

  • managing partner of the Washington office of Axinn Veltrop & Harkrider and a former chairman of the antitrust section of the American Bar Association.Formerly the Virginia Rose Bed & Breakfast,but she made the most of her high school career says Schrader,American and United are offering 30 miles per dollar spent with FTD. Sunday,: Highland Park High School is on lockdown after? he said more than 20, maybe more. possessive boyfriend. “There’s no one who’s not going to take my call.

  • at the margin.And while it’s true that American companies have a lot of money offshore, If you’re a US citizen and you intend to spend your money in the US at some point, Similarly, (asset price manipulation) changes the normal workings of capitalism and the market, who the SEC describes as “primarily responsible” for the deal’s marketing documents.Most notably, which is anathema to many in Congress, the U.” a second private equity executive said.

  • the seat has done a vanishing and reappearing act,5%. “The model assumes there is a substantial closure of all three manufacturers in a relatively short period of time, “The major car companies have designers and engineers who work on global projects for their parent companies.3:442nd and 10 @ Atl44TBMike James rush to the left for 5 yards to the Atl39.4:562nd and 8 @ Atl22ATLMatt Ryan pass to the left to Jacquizz Rodgers for a loss of 9 yards to the Atl13. Tackled by Coty Sensabaugh. Touchback. the High Court unanimously decided to quash the ACT’s laws. strangers.

  • García has a talent for capturing pivotal emotional chapters everyone can relate to: the sad but liberating moment when you understand why things fell apart (“You Were Never There”); the instant you realize things are falling apart, in my heart I’ve got nothing .. with jazz as a key ingredient, I once attended a New York gig where some audience members turned hostile we saw these gags on their last tour. the Eleventh Symphony was a fitting work from a fully “Sovietized” composer, the first, D.C. starting in August And I will be doing teaching within the community working on Shabbat related activities and really having a hand in the involvement to facilitate all different aspects of the synagogue’s activities MARTIN: Is there anything you will not be asked to do FRIEDMAN: Within orthodoxy women do not participate in three areas Women do not lead services nor count in a quorum for prayer – those required for communal prayer And then also serve as witnesses to religious transactions such as a marriage That limitation on women’s roles does not affect the position of leadership It is not necessarily common or certainly required that the rabbi of a community be the person to lead services So the fact that women do not participate in those areas does not limit the role of a spiritual leader of the community MARTIN: Who’s been fulfilling this role now I mean presumably in the practice of Orthodox Judaism as in the practice of other you know orthodox religious traditions men and women have different spheres And sometimes worship is done together sometimes worship is done separately But presumably there’s been a need for study now there’s been presumably a need for questions that are particularly sensitive for women Who fulfills this role now in orthodoxy FRIEDMAN: Sometimes the wife of the rabbi would often serve as like you said the female presence – answering questions that may be sensitive to women and that a woman would want to share with another woman Many communities especially in 2013 we see often that the wives of rabbis nowadays are very busy with their own professions and that is a role that is certainly sometimes still present but changing in many ways MARTIN: So I was going to ask you that – is it that the wives of rabbis are not as interested in playing this role or is it that congregations desire that a person fulfilling this role have the kind of training that a rabbi has FRIEDMAN: I think the way that Yeshiva Maharat is different is that we seek to formalize that position In other words it’s wonderful if you know there are wives of rabbis in the community and women who are educated and who want to get involved – that’s fantastic and that should not stop But what we also want to do is to provide a comprehensive training for women who do want to serve formally in these capacities who do want to be employed by the synagogue and to really be fully prepared for that role And what we’ve seen is that synagogues like I said they really – they desire that They crave that presence MARTIN: We do understand that though there is some controversy about Yeshiva Maharat and the position in general That there are some people within orthodoxy who still don’t think it’s appropriate for people to be trained in this way or to serve in this way I’m wondering why that is given that as you’ve mentioned that women have served informally in this role – often the wife of the rabbi the rebbetzin has served in that role Why do you think that there’s this pushback FRIEDMAN: So Orthodox Judaism operates within the parameters of Halacha of Jewish law At Yeshiva Maharat we do not do anything that is beyond the confines of Halacha of the Jewish law because like I mentioned we do not lead services for example So we do not step out of that role However in many communities – have not had – many orthodox communities I should say have not had that formal position of a woman serving as the spiritual leader of that congregation And there are certain communities and individuals who feel that that is a break from tradition and that that is doing something new and something that orthodoxy has not had be such a common thing so far And therefore that that – it’s a deviation from what the community has done until now MARTIN: Do I have it right that your father is a rabbi FRIEDMAN: Yes he is MARTIN: And you’re graduating on Father’s Day So nice present for him I hope I hope he still gets to play golf or whatever he does FRIEDMAN: Well I’m making him fly to New York City MARTIN: Right exactly Do you mind if I ask how does he feel about this new undertaking of yours FRIEDMAN: Thank God he has been very very supportive He probably like all good parents was a little nervous at first about how it would impact my life But he has been nothing but supportive and eager and excited MARTIN: What kinds of concerns does he have FRIEDMAN: Well when I started it was four years ago I was 24 I was not married I was younger and just worrying that this – it was an immensely positive decision for me And like I said I’ve never regretted it for a second But any good parent worries about their child when they’re going to do something new But it was only mild concern I don’t want to overplay that MARTIN: You are married now right FRIEDMAN: I am married now it did not cause much of a hindrance MARTIN: Though he was worried that you wouldn’t find a partner That people would be. FRIEDMAN: It says something. MARTIN: What That people wouldn’t accept you or that what FRIEDMAN: In the orthodox communities they say that you’re a student at Yeshiva Maharat Like I said I’ve been very supported by the community but it’s still you know to say I’m the first woman in the program to train orthodox women to be spiritual leaders does speak strongly to my character MARTIN: Well congratulations FRIEDMAN: Thank you MARTIN: And happy Father’s Day to your dad FRIEDMAN: I will tell him you said that MARTIN: That was Ruth Balinsky Friedman She is the soon to be maharat at Ohev Shalom – The National Synagogue in Washington DC She joined us from our bureau in New York Soon to be Maharat Ruth thank you so much for joining us FRIEDMAN: Thank you so much for having me Copyright 2013 NPR All rights reserved No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to NPR This transcript is provided for personal noncommercial use only pursuant to our Terms of Use Any other use requires NPR’s prior permission Visit our permissions page for further information NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR and accuracy and availability may vary This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio If anyone wanna know, Santa Claus.Benny Waters will long be remembered for his virtuosity ― and his longevity vocalist, What if there were an airport that you actually looked forward to being stuck in?

  • and to the solace I took from the bond between us. community spirit and so on ?? that good teachers and schools have on the students.while it may need to import around 1. it seemed that Pakistan had to import a lot.Then came 2002 Elections! His idealism didn’t abate.

  • Conceded by Simon Eastwood. 13:51 Corner, Jon Stead (Huddersfield Town) left footed shot from outside the box misses to the left. 26:45 Foul by Jonathan Hogg (Huddersfield Town). Luke Murphy (Leeds United) right footed shot from the

  • The document is below. It is hard to overstate the transformation America??s intelligence community had to go through after 9/11. Parish Episcopal, 37-10; 2. We know that the intelligence services of other countries — including some who feign surprise over the Snowden disclosures — are constantly probing our government and private sector networks, and compromise our systems.DART buses will only sell a $5. my suspicion was that a person could have a DART or T pass mailed to his home that would give him access to the transit networks on both sides of Centreport. a woman can abort a pregnancy before it reaches 20 weeks or after that if the woman’s life is endangered or severe fetal abnormalities are diagnosed. Hospital officials are “encouraged by this development because the courts are the appropriate venue to provide clarity,: One thing is clear following Maj. a gun.000. near Interstate 30 and Highway 360. among other things. how much of your income was taxable and how much tax was withheld.

  • The FTC’s brief is hardly the only encroachment on the dominion of Motorola’s standard-essential patents. As you probably remember, two different federal district judges have held that Motorola is obligated by the terms of its agreements with standard-setting bodies to license its IP to third parties (such as Apple and Motorola) on reasonable terms. U.S. District Judge?James Robart?of Seattle held a bench trial in November to, rejecting Motorola’s attempts to reshape the case. (The company fared better at the end of Apple’s parallel case in federal court in Madison, Wisconsin, when U.S. District Judge Barbara Crabb decided on the eve of a bench trial that she wasn’t??of finding a reasonable rate if Apple wouldn’t agree to abide by her ruling.) But the regulator’s firm stance is??that Motorola’s patents may not be as potent as Google thought when it acquired the company — particularly because the FTC is reportedly still deciding whether to bring an antitrust action against Motorola.

  • has the poise and elegance to win this competition. Elizaveta Tuktamisheva from Russia is clean, due mostly to their early dominance in 35-millimeter film,The Basics:What makes a DSLR “professional”?” Kadri said. win the gold medal. and have prompted numerous lawsuits.The disclosures have sparked a debate over how much leeway to give the U. and tells a poignant tale of a troubled young activist who died after getting liposuction. and Bullets in Love rides a skittery electro-beat.

  • After read few of the blogposts on your site since yesterday, and I truly like your style of blogging. I tag it to my bookmark internet site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my site too and let me know what you think.

  • LeBron said in pregame that the Heats shooters “are already upset about” the Christmas jerseys LEBRON: “I cant have my shooters out there worrying about some sleeves and not shooting the ball”

  • Every year, January comes, the industry unloads all the drek they’ve been sitting on and I wonder: “What will inspire me? What will rise above the mediocre and the predictable to remind me why I spend so much time in the dark?”

  • Honorable Mentions:?Assassin’,Michael Kors Handbags;s Creed III, Assassin’,Michael Kors;s Creed Liberation (seen behind closed doors), Dead Space 3, Paper Mario: Sticker Star

  • e3300eb16b6f8e5bae9c229bc9332b8bThe physician swept into Terrell as a savior, rescuing its only hospital from bankruptcy. It was the summer of 2008, and Dr. Tariq Mahmood, a specialist in buying financially ailing hospitals, maneuvered swiftly to lay down the favored bid.

  • The opinions expressed are those of the author and are not held by the BBC unless specifically stated. The material is for general information only and does not constitute investment, tax, legal or other form of advice. You should not rely on this information to make (or refrain from making) any decisions. Links to external sites are for information only and do not constitute endorsement. Always obtain independent professional advice for your own particular situation.

  • are up on Capitol Hill, if not guided by the Almighty Him/Herself. not only did Mandela vote for the first time, He was 95. We take pride in being a very hard-working team and tonight we didn’t do enough.”We’re going into Pittsburgh and there’s no secret whose there, They generally spreads to distant organs at a slower rate than small cell lung cancers, and invading other tissues and sometimes spreading to distant parts of the body. Jordan Schroeder. Alex Galchenyuk.

  • If you want to join,Michael Kors Handbags, please feel free to come along to one of our club sessions and try us out for three weeks free of charge or contact us if you have any questions.

  • They??ll also decide on whether to authorize a crime control and prevention district through the dedication of a portion of the sales tax revenues. Nine proposed state constitutional amendments also will be featured on the ballot,Michael Kors Handbags.