Original Articles

Jogendra Nath Mandal ji, a loyal to Pakistan – by Vajeesh Partab


It is a blessing for me that today I got an opportunity to pay tribute to the person who had a leading role in the Movement of Pakistan … yes… Jogendra Nath Mandal, a legislator, who belonged to the Hindu religion, under the social caste system, which is called Schedule caste or Dalit (untouchable).

By the way my ancestors had told us that the struggle for achieving the fundamental rights of “Mehter Kul” the untouchable community by the preaching of a spiritual leader Sat Guru Nawal Swamii, who was from District Nagur of Rajasthan was started stirring up in India and apart of British’s Indian politicians especially Dr. Ambedkar Baba Sahib and Jogendra Nath Mandal were leading personalities to expressed Rights for Dalit’s Masses and for long, they made their identity as “DALIT”. In the Movement of Independence India, the congress leader Gandhi Ji had given the title to “Dalit People” as “Harijan” for the political benefit, but “untouchables” did not agree to accept it.

Oh, we were talking about Jogendra Nath Mandal, who was born on 29th January 1904 in Bengal’s District Barisal in British India and he was also the Law Minister of Bengal province in the regime of Britain in India. It was also an honor for Pakistan that Jogendra Nath Mandal, who was the first Pakistani cabinet in the country that he was the only political person who served as a minister before the partition of All India. For the Minister for the interim Cabinet of British India, the Nomination of Jogendra Nath from the Muslim League was a surprise for all India. In particular, a party which is demanding the rights of the Muslim minority in all India and they nominated a Scheduled Caste Candidate for Cabinet’s Minister.

The reason for this was that Jinnah’s ideology was to create Pakistan as a liberal and welfare state, the indication can be taken in the fact that when Jinnah had to take the oath of the Governor General, Jinnah had wished that the Dalit minority leader Jogendra Nath Mandal, should be presiding over the First Constitutional Assembly of Pakistan on 11th August 1947 and Liaqat Ali Khan also proposed his name for the presidency and Khawaja Nazimuddin fully supported too. While addressing to the assembly, Jogendra Nath expressed his visionary views as the President and said that under the leadership of Jinnah, Pakistan will develop as well as a modern welfare state in the whole region of continent. This act by Jinnah can prove how much he likes to give the importance to the minority in his own Pakistan, infect he also expressed his views by his constitutional assembly speech that you belong to any religion, color, race or cast, it does not matter, you have full freedom here and this will not have any relation to the state.

Through this great acted and thoughts of my Jinnah, it is understood that the minority leader elected for President, reflects the best of brightness for Prosperous Pakistan because Muslims in British India were also Minority and Pakistan’s existence was also the reason for this. The world’s eyes were on Pakistan’s Constitutional Assembly because it was surprising that the leader of Muslim League Jinnah assured non-Muslims that they were treated with justice and tolerance in the new country, as well as equal citizens and everyone, will have the same rights in the country. Therefore, there would be no concept of rating among the citizens …. but after the death of my Jinnah, his great thinking was also buried, because the Bureaucracy class was on power after the creation of Pakistan.

Those who did not accept it every time they were accountable to any unfaithful (Non-Muslims) and in order To strengthen the roots of this process, it was to enable the confidence of the Hindus to limit the role of Hindus to the affairs of the country, because their influence was that the loyalty of the Hindus in Pakistan was unsatisfactory, infect this process still enabled. But Jogendra Nath, he was the only non-Muslim person who had full support for Quaid-e-Azam title to Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

In March 1949, Jogendra Nath Mandal had to support the objectives resolution under compulsion, through which “Jinnah’s Pakistan” was identified as a “religious state” instead of “liberal and secular state”. In such a way Jogendra Nath got pressure by the extremist mind’s lobby and he politically stressed himself, due to which he had to free from his ministry, on which Jogendra Nath was very disappointed and unhappy and after the death of Quaid-e-Azam, due to the situation was not fruitful for any Hindu in State Affairs.

In 1950, Jogendra Nath Mandal had to face the sound of suspicions regarding loyalty to Pakistan and this act was done by the Bureaucratic Chaudhry Muhammad Ali… Chaudhary had forced him to leave from his ministry … Yes … He had to leave the country, in 1962, Jogendra Nath Mandal was forced to migrate to India’s western Bengal, Kolkata City and lived there with his remaining life, infect he had to face the abuses from Hindu people of India also had to be tolerated. The sacrifices for the Movement of Pakistan by Jogendra Nath Mandal kept signified, but his sincerity to Quaid-e-Azam is the evidence that it was the sole Hindu personality, which gave an importance to Pakistan and Jinnah against the Movement of Freedom India during the era of Britain in Hindustan and in June 1947, the people of District Sylhet had to decide to make their district merge in Assam district or to be part of Pakistan.

At that time, there was no significant difference in the number of votes of the Hindus and Muslims in the district Sylhet, but there was a huge vote bank of the Dalit People community, which could have been made strong to one party; On the directives of Quaid-e-Azam, Jogendra Nath Mandal went there and through the Dalit’s Votes the Pakistan become favorite by the huge strength of masses and got referendum decision.

Indeed Jogendra Nath Mandal was a self-determinant and ideologist personality, nobody should suspect his loyalty to Pakistan, but it is a strange fact that a bureaucrat darkened his services and closed the chapter of this great personality in history.

I understand that there are many non-Muslim minorities faces in Pakistan those are of giving the proof of loyalty and Patriotism to Pakistan, as Jogendra Nath Mandal gave for Pakistan, but there is no hope.

The current government of Pakistan is of Tehrik-e-Insaf and Prime Minister Imran Khan assured that he would make a new Pakistan (by good system), In which the minorities of Pakistan will be considered as VIPs …. Yes, there is no minority member in your cabinet … Of course, we don’t need new Pakistan or Old Pakistan only we want Jinnah’s Pakistan.

The Writer tweets at : @Vajeesh