Urdu Articles

President Zardari, Is Kurram Agency a part of Pakistan?

Shias in Kurram Agency remain stranded by the ISI

کرم ایجنسی تنازعہ اور حکومتی ساکھ

رفعت اللہ اورکزئی
بی بی سی اردو ڈاٹ کام، پشاور

کرم ایجنسی میں حکومت کی رٹ نہ ہونے کے برابر ہے

پاکستان کے قبائلی علاقے کرم ایجنسی میں تقریباً تین ہفتوں سے جاری جھڑپیں اگرچہ ظاہری طورپر پانی اور راستے کے تنازعات پر شروع ہوئی لیکن بدقسمتی سے یہاں جب لڑائی ہوتی ہے تو اس کے تانے بانے کسی نہ کسی طریقے سے فرقہ واریت سے مل ہی جاتے ہیں۔

اگر دیکھا جائے تو موجودہ لڑائی کی وجہ بھی دو ہزار سات میں دو تین مرتبہ ہونے والی فرقہ وارانہ فسادات سے کسی نہ کسی حد تک جڑی ہوئی نظر آتی ہے۔ تین سال پہلے ہونے والی خون ریز جھڑپوں نے ایجنسی پر وہ بھیانک اور انمٹ نقوش چھوڑے ہے جو اس سے پہلے علاقے میں کبھی دیکھنے کو نہیں ملے تھے۔

کرم ایجنسی کی پچھلے پچاس سالہ فرقہ وارانہ جنگی تاریخ میں یہ پہلی مرتبہ ہے کہ حالات ’پوائنٹ آف نو ریٹرن‘ کی طرف جاتے نظر آرہے ہیں اور جس کا اثر یہ ہورہا ہے کہ ایجنسی کا نقشہ بھی تیزی سے تبدیل ہوتا دکھائی دے رہا ہے۔

دو ہزار سات میں جب ایک سال کے دوران دو تین لڑائیاں ہوئیں تو فریقین نے ایک دوسرے کے دیہات پر حملے کرکے ان کو نذرآتش کردیا اور ایک دوسرے کے علاقوں پر قابض ہوگئے۔ اس لڑائی کے دوران صدر مقام پارہ چنار اور اطراف کے علاقوں سے تقریباً پانچ سو سے لیکر سات کے قریب خاندانوں کو علاقہ بدر کیا گیا۔

اس میں مزید شدت اس وقت دیکھنے میں آئی جب فریقین نے ایک دوسرے کے علاقوں سے اپنے مخالفین کو نکالنا شروع کردیا۔ یعنی جن جن علاقوں میں دونوں فریق اکھٹے رہا کرتے تھے وہاں جو فریق طاقت ور تھا اس نے اقلیت میں رہنے والے فریق کو کمزور سمجھ کر ان وہاں سے زبردستی نکال دیا اور ان کے مکانات اور جائیدادوں پر قبضہ کرلیا۔ اس قسم کے واقعات دونوں فرقوں کے علاقوں میں ہوچکے ہیں۔

یہ بے گھر افراد پچھلے تین سالوں سے دربدر کی ٹھوکریں کھارہے ہیں چاہے ان کا تعلق ایک فرقے سے ہو یا دوسرے فرقے سے۔ ان کو جائیدادیں واپس کی گئی ہے اور نہ ان کو اپنے علاقوں میں واپس جانے کی اجازت دی جارہی ہے۔

کرم ایجنسی میں لوگوں کو علاقہ بدر کئے جانے کے واقعات پہلی دفعہ نہیں ہورہے بلکہ اس سے قبل اسی کی دہائی میں پہلی مرتبہ یہ واقعات لوئر کرم کے علاقے صدہ سب ڈویژن میں پیش آئے تھے جب چند گھرانوں کو بے دخل کرکے ان کے جائیدادوں پر قبضہ کیا گیا۔ صدہ کے یہ خاندان چھبیس سال گزرنے کے باوجود بھی اپنے علاقوں کو واپس نہیں جاسکے ہیں بلکہ ابھی دوسرے علاقوں میں مقیم ہیں۔ ان میں کئی کے جائیدادوں پر دوسرے افراد قابض ہوچکے ہیں۔

مقامی لوگوں کا کہنا ہے کہ ’جس کا مکان جلادیا گیا ہو، اسے علاقے سے بے دخل کیا گیا ہو ، اس کے جائیداد پر دوسرے لوگ قابض ہوں، اس کا بھائی یا بیٹا اس کے سامنے ہلاک کیا جا چکا ہو، کیا وہ اپنا انتقام لینا بھول جائے گا۔‘ انہوں نے کہا کہ اس بدلے کی آگ کو بجھانا ہوگا ورنہ یہ مسئلہ ساری زندگی حل نہیں ہوسکتا۔ ان کے مطابق اگر حکومت واقعی اس مسئلے کو حل کرانے میں سنجیدہ ہے تو سب سے پہلے علاقہ بدر خاندانوں کو اپنے اپنے علاقوں میں واپس بھیجاجائے اور جن کے نقصانات ہوچکے ہیں ان کو معاوضہ ادا کیا جائے۔

لوگوں کی بے دخلی کے ان واقعات سے جڑا ہوا دوسرا بڑا مسئلہ سڑکوں کی بندش ہے جسے علاقے میں جاری کشیدگی کی ایک بڑی وجہ بھی بتائی جارہی ہے۔ حالیہ جھڑپیں بھی اسی وجہ سے شروع ہوئی کیونکہ ایک فریق نے سڑک بند کیا ہوا ہے جبکہ اس کے مخالف فریق نے پانی دینے سے انکار کردیا ہے۔

افغانستان کے سرحدی علاقوں سے لے کر تحصیل ٹل تک تقریباً اسی نوے کلومیٹر کا یہ مرکزی سڑک پچھلے تین سالوں سے ہر قسم کی ٹریفک کےلیے بند ہے۔ ٹل پارہ چنار سڑک کے نام سے مشہور یہ اہم شاہراہ جھڑپوں کے نتیجے میں پہلے بھی بند ہوتی رہی ہے لیکن حالات معمول پر آنے کے بعد یہ اکثر اوقات کھول جاتی تھی اور پھر سے اس پر ٹریفک رواں دواں رہتی تھی۔ لیکن دوہزار سات سے سڑک کچھ اس انداز سے بند ہوئی ہے کہ اس کا کھولنا اب ایک پیچیدہ مسئلہ بنتا جارہا ہے۔

اس سڑک کے دونوں جانب افغان سرحد سے لیکر صوبہ خیبر پختون خواہ کی حدود تحصیل ٹل تک مختلف مقامات پر متحارب قبائل آباد ہیں۔ اس سڑک پر کسی ایک قبیلے کی اجاراداری نہیں بلکہ اگر ایک علاقے پر ایک قبیلے کی اکثریت ہے تو اس سے اگلے پر مخالف قبیلے کی اکثریت ہے۔ پھر اس سے اگلے پر پھر پہلے والے قبیلے کی اکثریت ہے اور اس طرح چار پانچ بڑے مقامات پر یہی صورتحال ہے۔

کچھ ایسے اطلاعات بھی ہیں کہ جن خاندانوں کو اپنے اپنےعلاقوں سے بے دخل کیا گیا ہے وہی لوگ دوسرے علاقوں میں بیٹھ کر سڑکوں کے کھولنے میں بڑی روکاوٹ بنے ہوئے ہیں۔ حکومت نے کئی مرتبہ سکیورٹی فورسز کی حفاظت میں لوگوں کو قافلوں کی شکل میں پارہ چنار سے ٹل اور ٹل سے پارہ چنار لے جانے کی کوشش بھی کی تاہم متعدد بار قافلوں پر حملے کئے گئے جس سے بظاہر یہ تجربہ بھی ناکام رہا ہے۔ کچھ لوگ یہ بھی کہتے ہیں کہ قافلوں پر حملوں میں شدت پسند تنظمیں ملوث ہیں تاہم ابھی تک کسی تنظیم نے اس کا کھولے عام اظہار نہیں کیا ہے۔

مقامی باشندے بتاتے ہیں کہ فریقین کے مابین لڑائیاں تو اپنی جگہ لیکن اس میں حکومت کا کردار بھی انتہائی مجرمانہ غفلت کا رہا ہے۔ بالخصوص سڑکیں کھولنے کے معاملے پر تو حکومت نام کی کوئی شے نظر نہیں آتی۔

کرم ایجنسی میں حکومت کی رٹ نہ ہونے کے برابر ہے۔ صرف صدرمقام پارہ چنار کی حد تک حکومت کی عمل داری تو نظر آتی ہے لیکن دیگر علاقوں میں متحارب قبائل اور گروہوں کی حکمرانی ہے۔

قبائلی علاقوں میں انگریزوں کے دور سے سڑک وہ جگہ تصور کیا جاتا تھا جہاں سب کو تحفظ حاصل ہوتا تھا۔ یعنی سڑک کی حفاظت براہ راست حکومت کی ذمہ داریوں میں شامل ہوتا ہے جبکہ اس سے ہٹ کر اگر کوئی معاملہ پیش آتا ہے تو اس کی ذمہ داری قبائل پر عائد ہوتی ہے۔

لیکن آج صورتحال یہ ہے کہ سکیورٹی فورسز کی حفاظت میں بھی کوئی سڑک سے گزر نہیں سکتا ہے۔ اس سے حکومت کی کمزوری کا اور کیا اندازہ کیا لگایا جاسکتا ہے۔ کرم ایجنسی میں چار پانچ سالوں کے دوران یہ دیکھا گیا ہے کہ حکومت اس وقت جاگتی ہے جب پانی سے سر سے گزر چکا ہوتا ہے۔ حالیہ لڑائی میں بھی سکیورٹی فورسز اس وقت منظر عام پر آئے جب لڑائی نے سو سے زائد افراد کی جان لے لی۔

ایجنسی میں ہر بڑی لڑائی کے بعد امن معاہدے طے پاتے رہے ہیں لیکن ان پر عمل درامد کا شدید فقدان پایا جاتا ہے۔علاقے میں آخری معاہدہ دو ہزار اٹھ میں مری کے مقام پر طے پایا جسے ’مری معاہدے‘ کا نام دیا گیا۔ اس معاہدے میں شامل ہے کہ تمام بند سڑکیں کھول دی جائیگی اور علاقہ بدر افراد کو اپنے اپنے علاقوں میں واپس بھیج دیا جائے گا لیکن اس پر ابھی تک کوئی عمل درامد نہیں کیا جاسکا ہے

Source: BBC Urdu

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  • Haqqani Network In Parachinar

    The Haqqani network has been the focus of US action for the past two years. However, after the Dec 2009 suicide attack on the Forward Operating Base Chapman in Khost, a key facility of the CIA, the network again came under renewed focus.

    by B.Raman

    (September 18, Chennai, Sri Lanka Guardian) According to the Ahlul Bayt News Agency of Iran, 25 Shias have been killed and 80 others injured In the Parachinar area in the Kurram Agency of the Federally-Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan during the last two weeks following attacks by members of the Haqqani network of the Afghan Taliban on the Kheyvas village in the Shaluzan Mountains. It claimed that the Shias put up a fierce resistance to the attack and managed to kill 10 members of the Taliban, including two commanders of the Haqqani network.The news agency has alleged that the Pakistani Army, instead of helping the Shias beat back the Taliban attack, bombed the Shia positions from the air in order to help the Taliban. All shops in the area remained closed on September 18,2010, to protest against the Pakistan Government’s failure to protect the Shias of the Kurram Agency from repeated attacks by the Taliban. The news agency said: ” The Kurram Agency has been virtually cut off from the rest of Pakistan for the past two years due to intense clashes between Shiite and Talibani rebels.”

    On September 18,the “News” of Pakistan reported as follows: ” Clashes triggered by a dispute over the ownership of a water channel between two rival groups a month ago came to an end on Friday ( September 17) after a peace Jirga convened by the political administration succeeded in effecting a ceasefire, official sources said. The sources said the clashes had erupted between the Mangal and Turi Bangash tribes over the ownership of a watercourse in Shalozan and Khewas areas near the Pak-Afghan border. The incessant fighting left 102 people dead and over 150 injured. The fighting took a sectarian colour as the Mangal tribe belongs to the Sunni sect while Turi and Bangash are Shias. Fresh clashes erupted on Thursday (September 16) and continued on Friday (September 17), leaving 48 persons dead and 71 others wounded. Four villages — Aqal Shah Killay, Sarang Killay, Qabli and Khewas Killay — were also torched amid the exchange of heavy fire. The rival groups also took several people hostage. Alarmed by the situation, the political administration of Kurram Agency called a peace Jirga comprising Shia and Sunni elders that brought the hostilities to an end. “The Jirga was called at a checkpost on the boundary of Sadda and Kurram. The members of the peace Jirga and political administration representatives held talks with the members of the Mangal and Turi Bangash tribes. The Jirga persuaded the rival groups to agree to a ceasefire,” said Political Agent Syed Musaddiq Shah while talking to The News by telephone. He said that it was agreed to hold regular sessions of the Jirga to ensure durable peace in the area and forestall such incidents in future.”

    The Iranian news agency and the “News” are apparently referring to the same series of clashes, but the estimate of fatalities given by the “News” is much higher than that given by the Iranian agency. However, the fatalities mentioned by the Iranian agency are only of Shias, whereas those mentioned by “News” seem to include the fatalities incurred by the Shias as well as the Sunnis. If the figures given by the “News” are to be believed, the Shias seemed to have inficted more casualties on the Sunnis than vice versa. It also needs to be noted that while the Iranian news agency talks of the involvement of the Haqqani network in the clashes, with the support of the Pakistan Army, the “News” makes no reference to it.

    In a report published on September 16, the “Dawn” of Karachi refers to the presence of the Haqqani network in the Kurram Agency, but claims that the network is actually trying to bring about a reconciliation between the Shias and the Sunnis of the area. The “Dawn” reported as follows: “A Taliban faction fighting US forces in Afghanistan is trying to end a tribal dispute which has resulted in severe clashes in Kurram Agency. According to sources, Taliban of the Jalaluddin Haqqani group are in contact with elders of rival tribes and talks between the Haqqani group and elders from Upper and Lower Kurram were held before Eidul Fitr. “Two trustworthy people of Jalaluddin Haqqani took part in the talks,” they said, adding that the next round of talks was expected soon. They said elders of Turi and Bangash tribes had said that they would attend further talks only if nine people kidnapped after an attack on two vehicles in Lower Kurram in July were freed and safety of passengers travelling between Parachinar and Peshawar was guaranteed. “These measures are necessary to build confidence among the tribes and prepare the ground for future talks,” an elder said. He said the Taliban had told them that they wanted reconciliation among the tribes and had approached all groups to start negotiations.”

    The “Dawn” report added: “The sources said the Taliban had been in contact with local tribes for some time but the talks had not produced any result so far. The first round of talks was held in Balishkhel village in March last year and was attended also by Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud. Another team of Taliban visited the area in September last year. According to the sources, a relative of a former governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and his local business partner facilitated the talks which ended without achieving anything. It may be mentioned, Nato officials and the Afghan government made similar efforts and invited elders of various tribes to Paktia province of Afghanistan in May last year to urge them to resolve their disputes. Violent clashes have been taking place in the Kurram valley since November 2007 and thousands of people have been killed or injured and hundreds of families have been displaced. The area is cut off from the rest of the country and local people travel on the Thall-Parachinar road in convoys protected by security personnel. ”

    The “Dawn” further said: “The government brokered a peace deal and an agreement to end violence was signed in Murree in October 2008, but there has been no let-up in violence in the valley. Insiders said the aim behind Taliban’s reconciliation efforts was to secure the strategic region and turn it into a safe route to Afghanistan. Kurram valley borders Afghanistan from three sides, Paktia on its west, Nangarhar on the north and Khost on the south. When militant groups signed peace deals with the government in South and North Waziristan, some armed groups tried to use Kurram for their activities in Afghanistan. Under the agreements, the militant groups operating in Waziristan were required not to infiltrate into Afghanistan. Tension flared in the area when Baitullah Mehsud, the slain chief of the banned Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, deputed Hakimullah as ‘commander’ for Kurram, Khyber and Orakzai agencies in 2008 and tribal people in Kurram opposed TTP’s activities. Local tribes blamed Taliban for violence and insecurity in their area. According to the sources, Taliban have told the elders that tension in Kurram has had an adverse effect on the ‘Jihad’ in Afghanistan and that they are interested in ending disputes among local groups. But several tribes are sceptical about the initiative and suspect that the Taliban are interested only in securing a safe passage for their cross-border movement. “Taliban are yet to show their cards, but we have already conveyed to the negotiators that people in Kurram are against the presence of outsiders in their area,” a source said. “

    Apparently unconnected with the developments in the Kurram Agency, the “Dawn” also reported on September 16 a steep increase in US Drone (pilotless planes) strikes against the Haqqani network. It said: ““Apparently frustrated over Pakistan military’s inaction against the Haqqani network, the United States has this month unleashed a relentless wave of drone attacks in North Waziristan, hoping to downgrade the operational capabilities of the group it considers to be the most lethal militant outfit in Afghanistan. Since Sept 2, there have been 13 strikes by unmanned Predator drones in North Waziristan — the highest number in a month since the US began using them to hit targets in Pakistan in 2004. The number of drone attacks this year has already crossed 70 — the highest figure for a year. According to military sources, an operation in North Waziristan got delayed because the army was preoccupied with fighting militancy in other tribal areas and flood relief. This window was fully exploited by the group to intensify its activities, defence analysts believe.“The Americans want to check that freedom of space available to the Haqqanis through intensified drone attacks,” a source said.”

    The “Dawn” added: “There are few takers for the Pakistani explanation in the US and many describe the delay as tactical. Besides, Pakistan had in June initiated efforts to secure a place for the Haqqanis in post-war Afghanistan by working out a rapprochement between the group and the Karzai government. US opposition to the initiative halted it. Sources suggest that Pakistan would make fresh moves to discuss peace with the Haqqanis, in the context of the overall reconciliation plan, during Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s current visit to Pakistan. The pattern of the attacks this month shows that the primary target is the Haqqani network, even though his host Hafiz Gul Bahadar and foreign militants of Al Qaeda have also been targeted.”

    It further said: “The strikes this month have predominantly been in Miramshah sub-division, where the Haqqani network’s headquarters are based and where the group carries out its financial dealings, acquisition of weapons and strategic planning. Five of the attacks occurred in Datakhel tehsil, which is home to Gul Bahadar’s clan Uthmanzai Wazir. Dandi Derpakhel, the scene of another attack in Miramshah, is where members of Jalaluddin Haqqani’s family live. Gul Bahadar, who leads the other major militant grouping in North Waziristan, is more than a host for the Haqqanis. He not only provides them with the tribal support the Haqqanis lack, but also gives them passage to the border. The only attack this month outside Miramshah was in Shawal, where foreign fighters loyal to Al Qaeda have sanctuaries.”

    The “Dawn” added: “The US, while targeting the Haqqanis, is pursuing the ‘hammer and anvil approach’. Alongside the spike in the drone attacks, US Special Forces have launched an intense operation against the group in eastern Afghanistan, killing a number of its ‘commanders’. The Haqqani network has been the focus of US action for the past two years. However, after the Dec 2009 suicide attack on the Forward Operating Base Chapman in Khost, a key facility of the CIA, the network again came under renewed focus. In this unprecedented intense bombardment by drones, military officials see a shift in US policy in Afghanistan from counter-insurgency to counter-terrorism.”

    ( The writer is Additional Secretary (retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and, presently, Director, Institute For Topical Studies, Chennai, and Associate of the Chennai Centre For China Studies. E-mail: seventyone2@gmail.com )

    http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2010/09/haqqani-network-in-parachinar.html

  • “QUOTE”

    Gen. Zia chose Gen. Musharraf (then a Brigadier) in 1987 to command a newly-raised Special Services Group (SSG) base at Khapalu in the Siachen area. To please Gen. Zia, Gen. Musharraf with his SSG commandos launched an attack on an Indian post at Bilfond La in September, 1987,and was beaten back. Despite this, he continued to enjoy the confidence of Zia.

    Gen. Musharraf has since then spent seven years in two tenures with the SSG and prides himself on being an SSG commando and projects himself as the greatest expert of the Pakistan Army in mountain warfare. When he recently received Gen. Anthony Zinni, the Commanding Officer of the US Central Command, he was dressed as an SSG Commando. In May,1988, the Shias, who are in a majority in Gilgit, rose in revolt against the Sunni-dominated administration. Zia put an SSG group commanded by Gen. Musharraf in charge of suppressing the revolt. Gen. Musharraf transported a large number of Wahabi Pakhtoon tribesmen from the NWFP and Afghanistan, commanded by bin Laden, to Gilgit to teach the Shias a lesson. These tribesmen under bin Laden massacred hundreds of Shias. In its issue of May,1990, “Herald”, the monthly journal of the “Dawn” group of publications of Karachi, wrote as follows: ” In May,1988, low-intensity political rivalry and sectarian tension ignited into full-scale carnage as thousands of armed tribesmen from outside Gilgit district invaded Gilgit along the Karakoram Highway. Nobody stopped them. They destroyed crops and houses, lynched and burnt people to death in the villages around Gilgit town. The number of dead and injured was put in the hundreds. But numbers alone tell nothing of the savagery of the invading hordes and the chilling impact it has left on these peaceful valleys.” Gen. Musharraf started a policy of bringing in Punjabis and Pakhtoons from outside and settling them down in Gilgit and Baltistan in order to reduce the Kashmiri Shias to a minority in their traditional land and this is continuing till today. The “Friday Times” of October 15-21, 1992, quoted Mr. Muhammad Yahya Shah, a local Shia leader, as saying: ” We were ruled by the Whites during the British days. We are now being ruled by the Browns from the plains. The rapid settling-in of Punjabis and Pakhtoons from outside, particularly the trading classes, has created a sense of acute insecurity among the local Shias.” Zia became the first victim of the carnage unleashed by Gen. Musharraf on the Shias of Gilgit. Though the Pakistani authorities have not released the report of the committee, which enquired into the crash of Zia’s plane in August,1988, it is widely believed in Pakistan that a Shia airman from Gilgit, wanting to take revenge for the May,1988, carnage, was responsible for the crash. REFERENCE: “LIES”of General [R] Pervez Musharraf, Sharifs & Talibans. http://chagataikhan.blogspot.com/2010/03/liesof-general-r-pervez-musharraf.html

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    In 1988, there was a violent uprising of the Shias in Gilgit, which was ruthlessly suppressed by Musharraf, who was given the task of dealing with the revolt by Zia-ul-Haq. Musharraf had a large number of Sunni Pashtun tribesmen from the Federally-Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) led by Osama bin Laden brought into Gilgit. They carried out a massacre of the Shias in the NA as well as the adjoining NWFP areas. It is believed by many in Pakistan that the crash of the aircraft in which Zia was travelling from Bahawalpur in August 1988 resulting in his death was caused by a Shia airman from Gilgit sympathetic to the TJP in retaliation for this massacre. To keep the Shias of Gilgit under control, Musharraf encouraged the the SSP, which had come into existence in the Punjab in the early 1980s at the instance of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), to extend its activities amongst the Sunni population of Gilgit and to politically organise them against the the TJP. Since then, there have frequently been clashes between the TJP and the SSP followers in Gilgit, the latest outbreak of such violent incidents having taken place in June, 2001, before Musharraf’s visit to India for the summit talks with Mr.A.B.Vajpayee, the Indian Prime Minister. REFERENCE: “LIES”of General [R] Pervez Musharraf, Sharifs & Talibans. http://chagataikhan.blogspot.com/2010/03/liesof-general-r-pervez-musharraf.html

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  • Actually the Zardari-Gailani duo is most of the time busy in getting and issuing confirmation from the authorties whether their Govt. will complete their term or not… They are backtracking on almost every issue…A mess around on almost every aspect