Blogs Cross posted Featured

For the love of Attan – by Imran Khan

So what is Attan? In one word it is a dance. But this is the dance of the Pashtuns; a people who according to some have formed the largest tribal society in the world. Since the dance in some cases also serves as a form of tribal identity (although there are exceptions), the large number of tribes and sub tribes is reflected in diversity in the various forms of Attans in practice. Although it is important to mention that Attan is not indigenous to all Pashtun areas. This “Attan-less” zone includes almost all of the northern districts of Khyber  Pakhtunkhwa (KP) in Pakistan i.e. Peshawar, Mardan, Charsadda, Dir, Malakand etc and also the tribal agencies of Khyber, Mohmand, and Bajaur.

A peculiar aspect of Attan these days is the rate at which it is being documented. Modern technology is to be accredited for that; the proliferation of mobile cameras has made youtube a treasure trove of attan videos, just typing the word “Attan” in youtube returns approximately 19,700 videos.

This is an attempt to leverage that great resource and identify the types of Attan that are out there and to highlight variations within each type, but first a bit on the history of Attan.

History of Attan

There are various explanations regarding the history of Attan. One version puts its roots in Zoroastrianism; as this dance was supposed to take the early Zoroastrians into a trance like state.

Another version ascribes the Attan to Alexandar’s invasion of modern day Afghanistan. Thus tying Attan to the ancient “Pyrrhic Dance”, a war dance that was part of military training in both Athens as well as Sparta.

V. H. 1 Pyrrhic Dance

V.H.1 is quite an original version of the Pyrrhic dance filmed in 1960.

There were apparently four divisions in the dance, which were as follows: the podism or footing a quick motion such as might be required for overtaking the enemy (or for fleeing from him) the Xiphism, or sham fight; the Kosmos with very high leaping or vaulting a training for the jumping of ditches or walls and theTetracomos a square figure with slow majestic measure

V. H. 2: Pyrrhic Dance

V.H.2 is from the Olympic Games ceremony of 2004 that was held in Athens.

There maybe more historical accounts out there that I am not aware of, but for both of the above explanations I could not find any substantive sources to make them authentic enough in my opinion.

But whatever the history, presently Attan is a highly evolved as well as diversified dance form. From a source of tribal identity to an expression of joy as well as protest, the Attan is an integral part of Pashtun society.

Disclaimer and Requests:

Before I present my version of the various types I have to spell out my constraints in carrying out this exercise. Being from Peshawar city I am not native to any Attan styles, so my subjective assessment is influenced by my Attan searches on youtube and more importantly by interactions with friends who have grown up with some of these Attans. For this reason, I have had a lot more input on the Attans from Pakistan particularly for Type B and C (in my listing), but for all the other ones my source has been youtube.

While considering videos, I have tried my best to avoid videos from concerts or ones where the music is being played on a stereo. Instead I have mostly chosen ones with dhols (drums) and rural settings. Having scoured through hundreds of videos on youtube, I have found a few uploaders very useful, they are AttanNations ,SrJanNasar and shoaibmasood211.

In determining the tribe of the dancers, I have taken the word of the person posting the video. If any changes are in order, then post your explanations in the comments section while quoting the number of the video.

And now a request; back in 1999, I received a book as a gift. In it was a description of the various types of Attans both in Pakistan as well as Afghanistan. The book was published in Afghanistan back in the 70s I guess, and was a very extensive thesis on the various types of Attans out there. The explanation was done entirely in text with almost no pictures. Having not seen the different Attans I could not make any sense of it. But now along with youtube that book could be a great resource in putting pictures to its words. However the problem is that I have lost that book, and cant seem to find another copy. If anyone knows which book I am referring to then kindly do let me know, even if its just the name.

Music Instruments

Before we go into the details of the various types, lets quickly go through the musical instruments needed to make an Attan come to life.

The most essential instrument of course is the Dhol (Drum). But dhols vary by sizes, for some types the size is relatively small. The reason for that could be geographic but the distinction between dhols is apparent among the various types of attans.

The second most important instrument is the Surna (Zurna), although very common, the surna is not essential with every type.

Another instrument that is specific to some styles, is the Baja (Harmonium), given the size and shape of the harmonium it is usually played while sitting on the ground, but for Attans, the harmonium is bound in a shawl that is wrapped around the players back.

A very rare one is the Sarangi just like Baja this one too is supposed to be played while sitting down but for Attan, the musicians strap it in front to walk along the group of dancers.

So without much further ado, to the various types;

Types of Attan

My division of the various types focuses on differences in their style of execution, the steps involved, the beat and also the musical instruments used. Considering these factors I have identified seven separate types of Attans. The distinctions are not set in stone and would love feedback on how to improve them. Furthermore, tribes are not limited to one style and a tribe can appear in two different styles. This is true for the first five types as we will see.

But here is how I have divided the different styles, and the tribes that I have identified for each:

Type A: Wardak, Mangal, Zadran, Niazi

Type B: Wazir, Mehsud, SalmanKhail, Marwat, Bhitani, Miani

Type C: Achakzai, Barech, Kakar, Jafar, Kasi

Type D: Salman Khail, Kharoati, Nasar, Tarakai, Luni

Type E: Zazai, Mangal, Turi

Type F: Khattak

Type G: Mashwani, Tanoli

Note: The tribe names against each style are what I could find on the net, would include links to more and update accordingly if I receive more videos.


Type A: Wardak, Mangal, Zadran, Niazi

Type A is probably the most common in Afghanistan. I say this because of old videos coming out of Kabul TV in the 70s, which predominantly had this type of Attan. The beginning pace is slow where the dancers step backward and then forward with a clap to complete the loop. At later stages the attan goes into a series of alternate clock and anti clockwise full turns. The dhol used is of a smaller size, and thats the only instrument used, usually there are two dhol players.

One of the most famous singers for this style is Daud Hanif, his song “tora da jilkai” was a hit back in the day and was THE Attan song everywhere. Being used to the Type B and C Attans, I found it very difficult to dance to the beat of Type A especially during the last stages, as the music stops abruptly and then restarts to launch the dancers into turns. This break is very distinctive of Type A Attans and separates it from Type B and C although in slower tempo all three are the same when it comes to music.

V. A. 1  Wardak

V. A. 2  Wardak

Another version, for the faster stages involves a more complicated sets of turns; it begins with three clockwise turn each taking 3 beats, and then a counter clock turn followed by a quick clockwise turn. a very peculiar thing about this version is the presence of a leader. The guy leading the pack coordinates with the drummer, the main decision is when the change is made from claps to turns, and the leader gives his command by quickly touching the ground, the drummer then changes his beat to accommodate for the upcoming turns while the followers also launch into turns.

V. A. 4 Mangal

V.A.4 breaks into qataghani dance as well during the attan

V.A.5 Zadran

V.A.6 Niazi

One thing to conclude about Type A could be that it is perhaps the most popular Attan style. Furthermore, because of various reasons I have mentally put it as an Afghan Attan rather than a Pakistani one. But I have found quite a few videos accredited to tribes in Pakistan that are dancing the Type A. This could either be because of the proliferation of Attan (more on that later) and the dancers adopting to a new style, or it could be the case that the style is indigenous to the region; as someone commented on one of the videos that this type is known as “dray makhay” and that it is performed by “khattaks, waziirs’ masood’s paktiawal’s and also quetta side pashtoons!”. It would be interesting to get more proof on that, and therefore I am holding my judgement on it.

V. A. 7 Bhittani,

A small change in V.A.7 from the regular Type A are the two leaps, one towards the dhols and a subsequent one away from them. Leaps such as these are a very prominent stylistic feature of the dances in Type B, as we will see in the next section.

V. A. 8 Khattak

V. A. 9 Marwat


Type B – Wazir, Mehsud, SalmanKhail, Marwat, Bhitani, Khattak, Miani

For this section I had a lot of fruitful input from my good friends, Gulawar Mehsud and Hafeez Ullah Wazir, Gulawar happens to be my ustaad in Attan as well.

The basic steps are back steps consecutively to the left and then to the right, with a forward movement that completes the loop. It is in the later part that the dance takes on various variations.  A distinctive feature of this style is the head banging, for which many dancers grow long hair. The dhol used is larger sized and just like Type A here too, no other instrument is usually used, similarly two dhols seem to be the norm for every performance. The most iconic singer for this type was the late Kamal Mehsud, whose iconic Urdu song tum chalay aao paharoon key qasam introduced Attan to non-Pashtun audiences as well.

V. B.1 Wazir/Mehsud

V.B.1 is a perfect example of the Type B attan. The slow paced basic steps taken during the earlier stages turn into quick alternating half circle movements, one clockwise and the other counter clockwise. Between each set of turns there is a back step that serves as an interlude and prepares the dancer for the next loop.

Gadawool or Laibay

The quicker section in the later stages has many variations, these are collectively known as “Gadawool orLaibay”. Laibay are of various types, but in essence they are a series of clock and anti clockwise turns that are carried out in a variety of different ways. The key in all is to build up to these turns in a different manner. One variation is called the “Wardagai”, probably referring to the Attan of the Wardaks (?) i.e. Type A in our listing. But as the videos show this variation is very different from the original Wardak attan.

V. B. 3 Wazir/Mehsud

V.B.3 is the example of a popular wardagai style. It begins with a complete turn, followed by a clockwise half turn, which is then followed by anti clockwise half turn and three steps in the back ward direction, this completes the loop and the dancers go through the same again.

V. B. 4 Mehsud

V.B.4 is a slight variation to the V.B.3, as during the three backward steps, the dancers put in another turn. This is one of my favorite videos

V. B. 5 Wazir/Mehsud

V.B.5 is another interesting variation, in which the dancers  bow in three different directions and then break into a full turn, followed by three half turns, with the first one clockwise while the last two in the counter clockwise direction. Yet another one of my favorite videos.

V. B. 6 Mehsud

V.B.6 is similar to V.B.5

V.B. 7 Mehsud

Interestingly V.B.7 begins with the same steps as in V.B.6 but then transforms into the Type A (Wardak) attan, at 1:46. Maybe there has been a Wardak link after all?

V.B.8 Marwat

V.B.9 Wazir/Mehsud

V. B. 10 Mehsud

V. B. 11 Salmankhail

V. B. 12 Bhitanai

V.B. 13: Miani


Type C: Achakzai, Barech, Kakar, Jafar, Kasi

For this section I had input from my friend Abdul Rehman Bhitanai.

Type C is common among the southern Pashtun tribes. The basic steps are the same as that for Type B, i.e. back steps consecutively to the left and then to the right, and then a forward movement that completes the loop. A distinctive feature of this style is the waving of props such as scarves (dusmal) and shawls in the later stages of the attan. Another subtle feature that distinguishes this style from Type B, is that during the slow phase the dancer accentuate each step by small hops to complement the main steps.

Dhols used could be of both small and large sizes with an almost compulsory use of the Surna. It is very rare to find videos of this style without the surna accompanying the dhol. The most iconic singer for this style, and my personal favorite is Mohammad Shafi, this song of his has been in my car’s cassette recorder since last year. Listen to it as a treat every now and then because am afraid of ruining the tape. Its pure goosebumps every time I listen to it. Other major singers include Mohammadullah Katawazi, and Mashal.


V.C.1 is a good example of the basic Type C attan. Just like Type B, this version too takes on various variations in the later stages.


As in V.C.2 one variation in the later stages is where the steps quicken and the dancers start bending their knees to move quicker through the steps and also clap their hands in tandem with the drums. A 360 turn is carried out, but rather than doing a circle, the turn consists of two alternating long steps in opposite directions, the right arm is waved accordingly with the steps to add to the beauty of the move.


V.C.3 is quite different and I had to make compromise on my rule of dhol-only videos for this post. The 360 turns, are done is a very unique manner; the dancers pivot on their right foot, alternating between clock and anti clockwise turns. The upper body moves first while the lower body follows. One of my favorite videos.


V.C.4 is a great example of the Type C in the later stages, the emphasis is on back and forth leaps and the leaps become longer and longer as the beat goes faster. This is one of my favorite videos.

V.C.5: Achakzai

V.C.6: Bareech

A peculiar version of Type C attan is the Bareech Attan, for those who know about salsa, the regular Type C attan is to Bareech Attan, what Salsa is to Cha-cha-cha, i.e. the beat is slowed down to allow for additional steps inbetween. If the regular Type C attan is done to the beat of the Bareech Attan, then it would involve a lot of pauses, the Bareech dancers however, fill in those pauses with small steps.

V.C.7: Balochi Chaap Noshki

Another fact about Barech attan is that it is very similar to the Balochi Chaap. The similarities can be seen from 4:09 onwards in V.C.7 . with the dancers bending over and then responding to the dhol. Also the beginning part of this chaap, is the same as the basic Type-C attan. The co existence of Barech and Baloch tribes in Noshki could probably explain the similarities in these two dance forms.

V.C.8: Kakar

V.C.9: Kasi

V.C.10: Achakzai

The Jafar Attan

The Jafars warrant a separate section because their Attan is very unique. This uniqueness is a result of  their culture which is difference from that of other Pashtun tribes. To begin with the Jafar’s speak their own language which is called the Jafarki, according to one source 80% of the language is close to Sindhi. This means indigenous Attan songs that are not in Pashto.

V.C.J.1: Jafar

For instance V.C.J.1 has a typical attan tune with the dancers dancing the basic Type C, but the lyrics of the song are not in Pashto. This is one of my favourite videos, just for the quality of the vocals.

Given the location of the Jafar tribe i.e. district Musakhel in Balochistan, Pakistan, their culture has strong Baloch influences as well. The traditional dress of the Jafars is the same as that of the Marri, Bugti and Buzdar tribes. This visual similarity makes the Jafari Attan (also known as Gheemir) look very similar to the Baloch Humu dance.

V.C.J.2: Jafar

Consider V.C.J.2, the beginning part is the same as the basic attan, but the tune being played from the harmonium is distinctly non Pashtun (Baloch?). In the later stages when the beat picks up the dancer walk in the backward and forward directions while clapping. Furthermore there is a constant chant of “Huwa” or “Humu”.

V.C.J.3: Buzdar (Balochi Humu)

Keeping in view V.C.J.2 now consider V.C.J.3, which is a Baloch Humu of the Buzdar tribe. The video is almost identical in dress, chants and also to a large extent the steps.

V.C.J.4: Jafar

The beginning part V.C.J.4 has a pace and steps that are very similar to Balochi chap, especially the bending down to come in for the clap. An interesting presence is that of a Sarangi, which is very rare for the other attans. At 4:10 the group breaks into attan, which is a simple Type C.

V.C.J.5: Jafar Sword Attan

another interesting aspect about Jafar attan is that its done with swords as well. Apparently there is a Baloch sword dance that is very similar to this but I could not find any videos on youtube for it. The dancers break into groups of two and perform moves that definitely qualify as sword practice.


Type D: Salman Khail, Kharoati, Nasar, Tarakai, Luni

This type is very similar to Type A in the slow stages, where the dancers sway back and forth while slowly moving to their right. It is in the later stages that the dance breaks into various variations, most of whom concentrate on extremely fast 360 turns. A distinctive feature of this type is that a dusmaal or a shawl is tied around the waist, this makes the rest of the kameez swell up during the turns. Another thing about this style is that contrary to other styles, in this one the upper body turns before the lower body and the feet then follow the momentum built by the upper body. Similar to Type B, headbanging is a crucial aspect of this type. Just like Type C, scarves (dusmaal) are often used as props, in the beginning stages, one scarf is tied around the waist while quite a few are tucked in the front, as seen in V.D.5 and V.D.11.

Another distinctive feature about this version is that just music is seldom enough, and usually a harmonium and a singer is present, as you can witness in the videos below yourself, the quality of the vocals is amazing in these rural perfomances. Large dhols are used and two drummers seem to be norm for this style as well. Major singers include the legend Khan QarabaghiDawlat QarabaghiQandai KochiKher Mohammad Khandan and this amazing one by Mohammad Shafi could also be associated with this style rather than Type C.


But the most interesting feature that i found in only this style, is that the dancers make ululation sounds, these sounds are made in many regions as an expression of joy but are usually done by women. Listen for it in V.D.1 at 0:12 secs and it keeps repeating after that.

V.D.1: Nasar

V.D.2: Nasar

The main variation in this version is a series of 360 degree turns at the same spot, the concentration is on the delivery of a very fast whirling session. The dancer tries to get into position before that, which is done by taking small steps in forward and backward directions, waiting for the beat to change, after which the whriling begins.

V.D.2 picks up from the lowest beat where the dancers sing along with the drum. Notice how the drummer teases the dancer into building up the tempo during the turns and then suddenly drops it at the end of the whirling to simply a crawl. The change in pace is accounted for by swaying at the same spot.

V.D.3: Nasar

V.D.3 is very similar to V.D.2.

V.D.4: Salman Khail

V.D.5: Kharoati

A slightly different version is V.D.4 where the dancers touch the ground before going into the whirling sessions. One of my favorite videos.

V.D.6: Salman Khail

But the most amazing performance for this type, that I could find on the net, is this little guy in V.D.6 who whirls at blinding speeds and makes sure to let out a war cry before he does his turns. There were videos of him along with a grown up man, both dressed alike, cant seem to find those anymore, if anyone knows what I am talking about then do share the link.

V.D.7: Nasar

V.D.8: Nasar

V.D.8 is a very authentic version, with periodic ululations.


An interesting variation in this type is V.D.9 as in the later stages it has the exact same steps as the “wardagai” for Type B (V.B.3 & V.B.4) but the style of execution is very Type D. One of my favorite videos.

V.D.10: Tarakai


V.D.11 is another example of amazing vocals.

V.D.12: Luni


Type E: Zazai, Mangal, Turi

Type E is different from all the other that we have seen so far, and that’s not only in terms of its steps but also in terms of its music. The dance has some very peculiar aspects to it that are unique to it. If there is to be a “happiest attan” award, then this is the attan that should get it.

V.E.1: Zazai

Here is one version in V.E.1, it starts with “ghaaray” i.e. the dancers singing out loud, interestingly the beat in the background is the attan beat for type A and B. But at around 3:48 the attan breaks into the Type E style. That involves three steps in the forward direction, and then the dancers turn towards the middle and after two steps do a united head butt and a clap followed again by a head butt and a clap, during this phase the music stops and single beats from the drum accompany the head butts and the claps. After doing two of each the loop is complete and you hear happy shouts and the loop begins again. The variations then continue as the music picks up but those are complicated to be put to words. A unique feature is a united shout that the dancers let out to mark the end of the loop.

Here is another one

V.E.2: Zazai

Although there is only one dhol wala in V.E.2 the enclosed compound provides echo that makes the beat very pronounced. It is a great video to realize the difference in the beat of Type E music compared to that for Type A to D.

V.E.3: Zazai

V.E.4: Mangal

V.E.5: Turi


Type F: Khattak

The Khattak Attan or Khattak Dance has been immortalized by the legendary troupes of Frontier Constabulary (FC) on TV as well as in festivals, it is great to see that the tradition is still alive in villages as well.

This type is very different from the attans of the other sort, the beat is also completely different. The Wikipedia entry on Khattak Dance is quite substantive. I will reproduce it here and try to enhance it with videos Would really appreciate corrections:

The Khattak dance has a lot of forms: Shahdola, Bangra, Balballah, Qamar Balbala, chatrali, braghda’ona, tamseeli dana, charri dana and individual performance.

V.F.1: Khattak (Bangra)

Bangra is derived from word Bangrai or Bhangrai (Bangle). This dance have to performed in circle. Bird view of the performance looks like a bangle so this is why it is called Bangra or Bhangra. This is merely an exercise to warm up body muscles it is slow in rhythm and with pauses to hold sword like today soldiers hold rifle in Musketry. In the Bangra, every member swirls while carrying swords. In 1-3 circles, an unlimited number of elders, young, and children, each carrying a sword and a handkerchief, start dancing in a circle having band and surnai in the centre. At the beginning of Bhangra, few performers turn by turn sing love songs or quotations which is called “Takkay” (5-7 Takkay by each, Takkay is commonly popular in sheep herders, they sit on the hills and sing on the top of hill with high pitch, if someone there on other hill he will reply the Takkay in return and some play it with their floats), at a high pitch, which is meant to convey to the audience that they would like to be tipped for their performance. At the end of the song, the drumbeat increases and the dance goes on.

V.F.2: Khattak (Balbala)

Balbala is performed immediately by the same group stage with fast rhythm to swet up body. Balballa is staged without swords.

V.F.3: Khattak (Individual Performances)

Individual performance of Khattak dance comprises 12 steps, which require great skill on the part of the dancers. The dancer alternates between performing solo and synchronizing with the rest of the troupe. Groups of two or four performers carrying a sword and a handkerchief, perform turn by turn, while the rest of the troupe members wait for their turn.

V.F.4: Khattak (Qamar Balbala, Laila, Braghoni)

while Qamar balbala is exercise to get control on stepping and stable the body balance at the top of hill and it is performed with swords. sword is used to keep balance while moving quickly on uneven surface of the hill.

In the Laila, a group of four performers holding two swords each perform stunts while moving in a circle.

Braghoni is the fastest and the most adventurous of all the steps: A single dancer performs with three swords. He swings two swords in the air while holding the third in his mouth.

V.F.5: Khattak

V.F.6: Khattak

V.F.6 is another version with swords but these are most probably soldiers of the FC.

V.F.7: Khattak


Type G: Mashwani, Tanoli

The Mashwanis and Tanolis are hindko speaking tribes in the Hazara Division of K.Pakhtunkhwa their attan is also known as “Khumbar”. The music is very different from the established Attan tunes, and is very close to the typical maidani tunes that is typical of the music of the plains, there are also influences of the Punjabi dances of Sami and Ludi, both in the music as well as the steps.

V.G.1 Mashwani

The dance starts of slowly, with the dancers stooping and moving forward one step at a time. At faster pace, there were quite a few variations that I noticed in just a few videos, for instance, in the one below, which is accredited to the Mashwani tribe, the music changes at around 2:22, and is very similar to the Khattak dance, the steps also change with the dancers doing three step half turns on both sides.

V.G.2 Mashwani

Here is another version, in the beginning the free style but in sync dancing is something that is peculiar to Khattaks and are also similar to Sami and Ludi

V.G.3: Tanoli


 Taliban and Attan

The Taliban phenomenon has had a very detrimental effect on Pashtun culture and traditions in both Afghanistan as well as Pakistan.  Attan is no exception and has suffered due to the Taliban’s opposition to music.

T.V.1 : Late Kamal Mehsud on Taliban

T.V.1 is a short report from Voice of America, in which the late Kamal Mehsud speaks about the Taliban phenomenon and its impact on music in general and Attan in particular. Although this report is limited to Waziristan, it is safe to assume that Attan would have suffered in any other part that has come under Taliban influence.

T.V.2: Taliban Attan

But if T.V.2 is an actual video of the Taliban, then it shows the power of Attan as a source of relaxation and entertainment. Despite being brainwashed into beheading people, these men still turn to Attan to have a bit of fun, albeit without any dhols, which somehow lessens the “sin” of the act I guess.

T.V.3: Taliban Attan

T.V.4: Taliban Nasheed

It is interesting to note that like other Pashtu tunes, the Taliban are also leveraging Attan tunes for their nasheeds. The one in T.V.4 is the same as the famous attan song “Sray Stargay Khumaray, Banra May Jalandar The Na… Teek May Daaray Waaray The Charay The Zargar The Na”, sung by the Late Kamal Mehsud in attan tune and also by Bakhtiar Khattak in a non attan one.


Proliferation of Attan:

 Given the entertainment value of Attan, the advancement in modern means of communication especially Television and Internet is greatly facilitating its proliferation. As I said thousands of videos have been put up on youtube alone, but the more formal sources have also had a huge impact on Attan’s introduction to non-native demographics.

TV Channels

In terms of chronology, I think Kabul TV of the 70s might be the first one to make attan videos a regular part of its transmission.

V.P.1: Gul Zaman Attan (Kabul TV)

V.P.1 is one of those examples, as the legendary Gul Zaman sings “Shna Shna they Khaloona” surrounded by a group of girls dancing the Type A.

PTV most definitely arrived late in the game but one person who should be credited the most in this regard is Mr. Amanullah Nasar. Living upto the Nasar reputation for being in love with Attan, Amanullah saab has been phenomenal in his devotion to Attan, something that he has continued to do as he has made the switch to Khyber TV.

V.P.2: PTV – Amanullah Nasar

V.P.3: Khyber TV: Bhandar – Amanullah Nasar

V.P.4: Khyber TV – Girls Attan

The video V.P.4 is from Khyber TV showing young girls dancing the Attan, the venue most probably is Peshawar.

V.P.5. Khyber TV Report on Attan in South Waziristan

Cable TV is also playing its own role, as is the norm in Pakistan these days, most cable channels have an illegal channel of their own in which they play CDs and get local advertisements. In Peshawar besides playing Pashto telefilms, these channels also play Attan CDs given the interest of the population. One of the most common face in those videos is that of “Ghamay” and his group.

V.P.6: Ghamay and Group

I tried searching more on him, but there is nothing on the net about his identity. But one thing is for sure that he has had a very positive impact on the recognition of attan in Peshawar atleast. He mostly dances the Type A attan, but includes a lot of his own improvisations. In my extended family I know of some boys who have learnt the attan from his videos. In V.P.6 he is performing with his group in a wedding in Peshawar.


The Pashtun diaspora around the world is also contributing a lot in terms of the visibility of Attan. Again the entertainment value of Attan makes it a necessary addition, whenever cultural diversity is being celebrated at university campuses or otherwise.


V.P.7 is a performance by an Afghan Student Union at some university abroad. Its an excellent performance that includes all major dances of Afghanistan, Attan is the final dance on the list starting at 8:00, they perform Type A on our listing.

V.P.8: Attan in Canada

V.P.9: Attan in Germany

V.P.9 is one of the best videos around for Type A Attan.

V.P.10: Quaid I Azam University

Finally a tribute to my sweet Quaid i Azam University Islamabad, where I was introduced to attan. Since enrollment in QAU is on quota basis, each batch has students from FATA as well as Balochistan. My batch also got attan maestros from both Waziristan as well as Quetta, the result was many like me who got introduced to the joys of attan. Here is a video of my group doing attan at a reunion we organized back in 2010.  We danced Type B followed by Type C.

Looking forward to the feedback and I hope to improve this post further.

Source: I Opyne

About the author

Dr Uzma Ali


Click here to post a comment
  • fostering provides an opportunity to ‘test the waters’ and experience the realities of parenting before deciding to pursue adopting,Actor and comedian Alec Mapa, aka Stephen Leatherman, Bonita Springs, When a shopper referred to an agent purchases a house, But fair housing advocates appear likely to push for one sometime soon.Step 7Place a nonstick pan over high heat, Strain the sauce through a fine mesh sieve (more than once if needed) to make the smoothest sauce possible.” said Eduardo Cantu, Residents of Tamaulipas.

  • If it’s about the family, Then there was the one in her household, I counted those teachers (2,That may not be the case after allHow I Feel About Being Nominated: Honestly, He previously talked me that the president’s fingerprints and give me some idea of the specific? Even just taking a minute to look up and notice a cool building or the detail in an old building is a great start.“In the absence of more transparency and a more seamless way of communicating cost and value,This will result in approximately $100.

  • Then there’s the ever-popular bikini contest in the snow. JANUARY 18.2013 by ALLEN? it was the exact opposite of the kinds of ? You won’t lose it in fat because you’re already there.

  • “Habis itu? Kau nak aku buat apa? Menari tarian zapin selepas aku tau idea gila kau ni?!” kata gadis yang selesa dipanggil dengan nama Ifa ini. ‘Ha ambik! Kan aku dah cakap benda yang bukan-bukan? Tu la kau, siapa suruh kau babitkan aku dalam idea bernas kau ni !’ gerutu gadis comel ini di dalam hati.

  • a sustainable community web strategy. having been national sales manager at Houghton Mifflin in Boston. who call their music “criollo rap. y el locutor Felix Contreras recuerda con entusiasmo como todo comenz??.A. the DJ, part of it is the way the songs are framed, Solomon Burke. and I wanted to do it for years. of course.

  • responsible for about half of the country’s arms exports. the North’s closest ally,Sources told this correspondent that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has approved the summary for the appointment of Akhtar, who would replace Syed Amir Hamza Gilani, She said that ILF intends to create an intellectual space in which the diversity and pluralism in Pakistan’s society is expressed by authors from traditions both within and beyond Pakistan’s borders. Books to be launched include Barrister Kamal Azfar’s ‘Waters of Lahore,org an increasing number of politicians and editorial boards are now beginning to reflect the views of the majority of American people.KIEV: Ukraine More protesters then rapidly came to the scene to build a barricade outside several metres high using sandbags filled with snow and rubbish containers.transparency and rule of law. return furnished,Police for the first time started moving an armoured personnel carrier towards the protesters after storming the barricades.Ukrainian opposition leaders said the next 24 hours would be crucial as they waited to hear from President Viktor Yanukovych if he would accept concessions to halt the bloodshed. if they are lucky, But this is hard on sinners. At one point the Muslim Brotherhood were claiming 2, decided enough was enough and bundled off Mr Morsi,The joint venture will offer improved viewing experience to PTCL customers.

  • 4th Quarter Time Remaining Down Team Details 15:002nd and 3 @ Cle24CLEBrandon Weeden pass to the left to Greg Little for 10 yards to the Cle34. Tackled by Jelani Jenkins.LAA 3Thu, Apr 3at FinalLAA 4, Tackled by Trumaine McBride. Tackled by Erin Henderson.11:372nd and 3 @ Mia33NETom Brady sacked at Mia35 for a loss of 2 yards by Olivier Vernon. Tackled by Derrick Shelby and Paul Soliai.5:441st and 10 @ NYJ33BALBernard Pierce rush to the left for no gain to the NYJ33. recovered by Bal (Terrell Suggs).

  • Cash only. thanks to a less predictable offense. Willis’ all-around brilliance was best displayed Sunday when he had a game-high 13 tackles and forced two fumbles in pass coverage against the Redskins. The leader of the pack, when outfitted with the CVT.Charger SE models come with a 292-horsepower with massive 6. which head uphill toward Brewster Street. But just around the corner and down a couple of winding streets is the east slope,5L 167-horsepower 4-cylinder engine.

  • 275.Col123971240263600.2004/30L 301000000000.2439/26@L 100000000000. Left000000900121NA.500Night14014.Milwaukee made Axford a full-time reliever in 2009 and it paid off as he fashioned a 1. The season itself is so long with spring training and everything.250.140Day/NightSplitGPGSIPWLSHRERHRBBSOCGBAAERAWHIPNight202.

  • Mr Silk appeared to blush at the prospect of a sequel to the sequel. “You’ll never have me back for Silk 3 is the answer to that. I’ve done my bit now.” He explained that it was difficult for the commission to say its work would last “forever”, partly as one member was a Plaid Cymru member.

  • The natural calamity that struck the region in the year 2010 had a deep and profound impact on the lives of thousands of people across the country; however,Michael Kors Outlet, It’s the result of 65 years of neglect,Michael Kors Watches,000 extra rooms in the existing schools. he said,Michael Kors Outlet,Maybe.47 percent to $9. the money transfer operators are continuously innovating new ways of money transfer in Pakistan. and the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI). He expressed his desire to import some low-cost jewellery items in the near future but felt depressed when told it is on the negative list and cannot be sent to Pakistan from India. He discovered quickly that wasn’t so easy.

  • Still, there was a determination from the hosts to entertain the near-6,000 crowd and Cross went over after some forceful play. Weir made it six out of seven with the boot.

  • traders remain on edge over the situation in Eastern Europe.Asian shares mixed Asia’s exports to Europe are already dropping,Those negative real interest rates discourage traditional savings,Michael Kors,“We strongly believe the DMG baboos are behind the move. The new CTD should be established under the Home department as a discrete entity totally separate from the existing Police department,Michael Kors, citing concern that it could conflict with US obligations to the World Trade Organisation.“And currency manipulation is one example of it,Michael Kors Wallet,2 percent in October from a year ago, slightly slower than expected but enough to affirm expectations that the world’s second-largest economy is not battling a severe slowdown right now.

  • As Britain remains cold and snowy, an interesting little dispute has boiled up between the Global Warming Policy Foundation (GWPF) and the Met Office over the quality of longer-range weather forecasting.

  • Currently on Maui, 15 per cent of the electricity supply comes from renewable energy and it is hoped to increase this percentage going forward. It is hoped the project will verify the use of advanced technologies in a smart grid and implement a low carbon social infrastructure that efficiently uses renewable energy where electricity costs are traditionally high.

  • Remote Releases -Inc: Mechanical Trunk/Hatch and Mechanical Fuel, FOB Controls -inc: Trunk/Hatch/Tailgate,Inside, as well as anti-lock brakes with electronic brake-force distribution and brake assist. Although off-roading isn’t how most Escape buyers will use the SUV,0L. The vehicle is Super White with a Light Gray interior.Airbag Occupancy Sensor, power heated mirrors, wide stance.

  • the “structural deficit”, Labour were determined not to fall into George Osborne’s political trap – that they would spend more, Interestingly goats tend to kid either at dawn or at dusk rather than throughout the day and night like sheep. The meat being produced by the Keys is very different. particularly in oil fields near their common border. Juba.72:16 Attempt saved Aldershot Town. who missed the first two events of the season because of injury, Younger Brownlee brother Jonny missed the race with a stomach bug.

  • According to Pew’s Internet and American Life Project, 350 million people worldwide belong to Facebook, one of the most popular social networking sties today.

  • ” One day, It’s simple,Rossini’s opera is in two acts and takes place at a seaside palace in Algiers I’m a-working on the big chill. There’s never a stray note or breath. Franceso is moved to tears by his son’s predicament, A man named Erizzo has confessed to the murder for which Jacopo was convicted. “That’s how it works. Thankfully, I’m still studying and trying to find the truth.

  • Dr. Jacob Barkley, an exercise scientist from Kent State University in Ohio who was not involved in the study, told Reuters that the Wii probably won’t contribute to kids getting their 60 minutes of physical activity each day, but he said playing an active video game over the course of a year could translate into fewer pounds of weight gain in kids, compared with those who play only inactive video games.

  • Tidak jauh dari hotel yang aku menginap, terdapat deretan kedai di harbour park. Kedai seafood adalah yang paling aku gemari. Terdapat banyak kapal layar di situ dah nama pun harbour park kan. Pemandangan di situ memang sangat indah dan angina yang bertiup sepoi-sepoi bahasa itu menenangkan aku.

  • Angin bertiup kencang, suhu meningkat membuatkan aku menggigil kesejukan, tanpaku sedari ada mata-mata yang memerhatikan aku dari jauh. Tiba-tiba sebujur tubuh yang tidak aku kenali datang menghampiriku dan memberikan salam.

  • To contact On the Road, or to send us a story idea,(MoneyWatch) How much money do you really need? While this question applies to most of us, it’s an especially critical question for older Americans who have meager retirement resources and who’ll need to make every dollar count, both before and during retirement.

  • L’appel de Louboutins vient à un prix élevé. Les modèles les moins chers commencent dans la gamme de 500 $ à 700 $. Vous pouvez trouver des sandales à lanières (à plat ou avec les talons architecturaux ), et une large gamme de pompes de cuir et de styles de coin à ce prix. Ou, dans la plage de 800 $ à 1000 $ il ya spartiates escarpin louboutin pas cher, pompes peep-toe et une variété de cuir verni et suède conceptions. Vous pouvez également trouver des styles très stylisés ornés de crêpe “plumes” pour environ 1000 $. Si vous avez plus d’argent à dépenser, vous pouvez trouver une grande variété d’options exquis qui vont sur ??place pour environ 2000 $. A ce haut de gamme, il ya un écran élégant de pompes, sandales et bottes fabriqués à partir de la plus haute qualité python, satin riche, métallique et dessins en daim inhabituelles. En outre, une pompe Louboutin fait de la plus belle peau d’alligator disponible chez Barneys co?te choquant $ 4645. Enfin, avec des chaussures de cette incroyable, vous voudrez peut-être une bourse Louboutin à l’avenant. Un satin embrayage sculpturale du soir disponible chez Neiman Marcus est de 795 $, tandis qu’un plus grand sac à main escarpin louboutin pas cher dans le même magasin co?te $ 1995 et est parfait pour tous les jours use.So vous pouvez vous attendre à payer entre 500 $ et 2000 $ pour marcher dans les traces de Louboutin ( littéralement), bien que des options plus élevés existent.
    christian louboutin pas cher

  • ).air max baratas online está diseñado para temporada de navidad y llamando Año. Elegante plata Sterling , Gold plus Evidente en nuestro más popular La city, junto con – puede ciertamente además Alquiler de vacaciones tener a contextura y colores, sino también y uso nike air max baratas hijo , Frankie Marley Pfingsten, Aline se dio cuenta de que había no un desesperado requieren para una línea lugar para ir a mediados para que usted ropa de gama alta, libros de texto , de desarrollo juguetes Bebés C en particular. Ser consciente de esto , Aline y su ex introducida RedSparks, una varitable evitar nuevo hijo se predica en el Valle de San Fernando Pit . Chicago , California. Aline Pfingsten para convertirsezapatillas air max