Original Articles

China-Pakistan relationship and opacity of Western Media

 

Pakistan is always in the news for reasons not necessarily as important as it may seem. By considering Pakistan an ally to the US in “War on Terror”, it is assumed that Pakistan has been taken on lease and as per the expectations of the Western media, Pakistan has to follow the tune set by US Establishment.

Pakistan has had excellent relations with China ever since both nations accepted each others existence. It is a friendship which has withstood tests of time. It is also important to note that it has not been one way traffic. Pakistan provided the much needed access to China onwards to the world and China has helped in using its might in improving and constructing a number of landmark projects.

Pakistan’s president, Asif Zardari wants to take the relationship of China and Pakistan to the next level by providing Chinese businesses the necessary enabling environment to complete major projects. And Why not? China has both the economic might and necessary soft corner in working with its neighbor in the South-West. China enjoys immense support at the people and establishment level in Pakistan.

In an op-ed in in New York Times, another attempt is being made to make Pakistani government and establishment at loggerheads with US. If China needs access through Pakistan, then by constructing tunnels and railroads and using Pakistan as a transit, isn’t it a win-win situation for both nations?

I personally feel, that we shouldn’t be discreet but more open in siding with China. With US, we have a strategic relationship which needs to last longer to give the people of Pakistan the necessary comfort to give up the “Amreeka bashing” that we witness amongst our right wing political parties and media.

As far as the US media is concerned, it should empathize with what Pakistan needs and how it can get it. If China wants something and is necessarily willing to invest for its own and Pakistan’s good, then what’s the problem?

 

China‘s Discreet Hold on Pakistan’s Northern Borderlands

By SELIG S. HARRISON
Published: August 26, 2010

 

While the world focuses on the flood-ravaged Indus River valley, a quiet geopolitical crisis is unfolding in the Himalayan borderlands of northern Pakistan, where Islamabad is handing over de facto control of the strategic Gilgit-Baltistan region in the northwest corner of disputed Kashmir to China.

The entire Pakistan-occupied western portion of Kashmir stretching from Gilgit in the north to Azad (Free) Kashmir in the south is closed to the world, in contrast to the media access that India permits in the eastern part, where it is combating a Pakistan-backed insurgency. But reports from a variety of foreign intelligence sources, Pakistani journalists and Pakistani human rights workers reveal two important new developments in Gilgit-Baltistan: a simmering rebellion against Pakistani rule and the influx of an estimated 7,000 to 11,000 soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army.

China wants a grip on the region to assure unfettered road and rail access to the Gulf through Pakistan. It takes 16 to 25 days for Chinese oil tankers to reach the Gulf. When high-speed rail and road links through Gilgit and Baltistan are completed, China will be able to transport cargo from Eastern China to the new Chinese-built Pakistani naval bases at Gwadar, Pasni and Ormara, just east of the Gulf, within 48 hours.

Many of the P.L.A. soldiers entering Gilgit-Baltistan are expected to work on the railroad. Some are extending the Karakoram Highway, built to link China’s Sinkiang Province with Pakistan. Others are working on dams, expressways and other projects.

Mystery surrounds the construction of 22 tunnels in secret locations where Pakistanis are barred. Tunnels would be necessary for a projected gas pipeline from Iran to China that would cross the Himalayas through Gilgit. But they could also be used for missile storage sites.

Until recently, the P.L.A. construction crews lived in temporary encampments and went home after completing their assignments. Now they are building big residential enclaves clearly designed for a long-term presence.

What is happening in the region matters to Washington for two reasons. Coupled with its support for the Taliban, Islamabad’s collusion in facilitating China’s access to the Gulf makes clear that Pakistan is not a U.S. “ally.” Equally important, the nascent revolt in the Gilgit-Baltistan region is a reminder that Kashmiri demands for autonomy on both sides of the cease-fire line would have to be addressed in a settlement.

Media attention has exposed the repression of the insurgency in the Indian-ruled Kashmir Valley. But if reporters could get into the Gilgit-Baltistan region and Azad Kashmir, they would find widespread, brutally-suppressed local movements for democratic rights and regional autonomy.

When the British partitioned South Asia in 1947, the maharajah who ruled Kashmir, including Gilgit and Baltistan, acceded to India. This set off intermittent conflict that ended with Indian control of the Kashmir Valley, the establishment of Pakistan-sponsored Free Kashmir in western Kashmir, and Pakistan’s occupation of Gilgit and Baltistan, where Sunni jihadi groups allied with the Pakistan Army have systematically terrorized the local Shiite Muslims.

Gilgit and Baltistan are in effect under military rule. Democratic activists there want a legislature and other institutions without restrictions like the ones imposed on Free Kashmir, where the elected legislature controls only 4 out of 56 subjects covered in the state constitution. The rest are under the jurisdiction of a “Kashmir Council” appointed by the president of Pakistan.

India gives more power to the state government in Srinagar; elections there are widely regarded as fair, and open discussion of demands for autonomy is permitted. But the Pakistan-abetted insurgency in the Kashmir Valley has added to tensions between Indian occupation forces and an assertive population seeking greater of local autonomy.

The United States is uniquely situated to play a moderating role in Kashmir, given its growing economic and military ties with India and Pakistan’s aid dependence on Washington. Such a role should be limited to quiet diplomacy. Washington should press New Delhi to resume autonomy negotiations with Kashmiri separatists. Success would put pressure on Islamabad for comparable concessions in Free Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. In Pakistan, Washington should focus on getting Islamabad to stop aiding the insurgency in the Kashmir Valley and to give New Delhi a formal commitment that it will not annex Gilgit and Baltistan.

Precisely because the Gilgit-Baltistan region is so important to China, the United States, India and Pakistan should work together to make sure that it is not overwhelmed, like Tibet, by the Chinese behemoth.

Selig S. Harrison is director of the Asia Program at the Center for International Policy and a former South Asia bureau chief of The Washington Post.

About the author

Ahmed Iqbalabadi

2 Comments

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  • I think you haven’t addressed an important issue. How does what this tool of the American establishment Selig Harrison has said, jive up against what Gilgit Baltistan has obtained through the GB autonomy package?

    Can you please give an assessment comparing the GB autonomy package with the tripe that this man has spewed.

  • Dear Friends today I read this article and now I am so much worried about it for the future of Pakistan. Our nation is in great danger we are sliced in between wrestling of two super powers as we faced in past. In international relations every country protect its benefits to save its nation. I am not in a favor of United States and same I am not in the favor of China as well. It is the responsibility of our Government to protect the land of Pakistan and fight for Pakistan.

    The things which I am worried about is that China built tunnels and they not give any kind of access to Pakistan. This is alarming thing for me.

    Being a Pakistani that we decide whats happening here in our land not any outside bastard will decide. Same I use this word to Americans as well.

    Imagine what happened when US forces went back from afghanistan are we in position to push chinease troops back to their land. Pakistani Army is not a self made army they depend on China for military aid. I am afraid that this non competent military and Civilan (PPP) command will destroy the image of Pakistan.

    This is the time when we strictly enforce our own national policy. Not allow any neighbor to interfere in our domestic matters. If any country want to do business by using our ports than it the responsibility of Pakistan Armed forces to protect them.

    I remembered the words of great Field Marshal Yahya Khan when he said at that time when he felt that USSR forces wanted path to Gawader port and want to establish base in baluchistan. Then he repliad that “My only two batalions are enough to stop the USSR for its expansion.”

    China is a coming super power I think Pakistan army must expand its quantity and hire more 5 lakh troops for china as well when we feel that our honey moon period may over might be in future.

    Quote by Adolf Hitler “I never trust anybody outside my country for me my country is my first priority.”

    We have to earn recognition as a Pakistani and not earn recognition with reference from USA or China.

    God Bless Pakistan.
    Thank You