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Imran Khan: a Taliban Goebbels? – by Dr. Muhammad Taqi

Jamaat-e-Islami and PTI (Tehreek-e-Insaf) are two key components of the self-righteous brigade in Pakistan, supported by jihadi generals (Hamid Gul etc) and jihadi media (Ansar Abbasi etc)

Published in Daily Times

“The lowest form of popular culture — lack of information, misinformation, disinformation, and a contempt for the truth or the reality of most people’s lives — has overrun real journalism. Today, ordinary Americans are being stuffed with garbage” — Carl Bernstein, US journalist.

Perhaps ordinary Pakistanis are not much better off either. But it is not just the journalists embedded with the jihadists who are peddling nonsense. Among the politicians, Mr Imran Khan keeps outdoing himself in the craft of black propaganda. He has been stuffing people with this Goebbels-speak for years and, unfortunately, the western print media is one such avenue he uses to push his outlandish assertions.

While the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) spokesman, Muslim Khan, had the dubious courage to clearly own up to the savagery of his outfit, Mr Imran Khan, who is the head and de facto chief spokesman of his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party, stoops to the lowest levels of skulduggery in defending Taliban atrocities. Sheer disinformation, misinformation, contempt for truth, and an utter disregard for the realities of people’s lives, particularly of the Pashtuns, are what Mr Khan’s spoken and written words are all about.

He seems to have perfected the art of repeating half-truths and quite often just plain lies over and over again. In his article ‘Don’t blame Pakistan for the failure of the war’ (The Times, UK, July 27, 2010), he has some real gems to share. He writes: “Before the West invaded Afghanistan, my country had no suicide bombers, no jihad and no Talibanisation.”

Perhaps Mr Khan had been too busy playing cricket to take note of al Qaeda’s activities in the early 1990s at Abdullah Azzam’s Maktab-al-Khidmat — a base camp in Peshawar for Arab jihadists. Ayman al-Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden met each other in Peshawar courtesy Professor Azzam. Suicide bombings were not a norm then, but Azzam himself was killed in a car bombing in November 1989, allegedly orchestrated by his more extremist friends. He disagreed with their concept of takfir, i.e. declaring people who did not meet their definition of Muslim as infidels, who they believed deserved to be murdered. Benazir Bhutto, Dr Najibullah, several Arab rulers and Muslim minorities were placed in this category.

The early 1990s were the formative years of world jihadism and these men in Peshawar were not confined to just Afghanistan. The Afghan-Arabs, as they became known, worked hand in glove with all varieties of Pakistani jihadists and after 1992, Afghan territory was used for their cause. For example, training and sanctuary were provided at the Al-Badr camp in Khost to terrorists who unleashed havoc in Pakistan and around the world.

Mr Khan has completely glossed over the terrorist acts of the jihadists trained in the Pak-Afghan border regions. Riaz Basra of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi was one such figure who was involved in over 300 acts of terror on Pakistani soil, including an attempt on Mian Nawaz Sharif’s life, way before the US forces had set foot in Afghanistan. Along with Akram Lahori and Malik Ishaq, Basra had used the training facilities in Sarobi (near Jalalabad). This was the beginning of Talibanisation in Pakistan.

While the terrorist cadres were trained in Afghanistan, their leadership was groomed at various madrassas in Pakistan. However, Mr Imran Khan is either ignorant of this fact or is protecting such nefarious characters when he writes, “Until that point [army action in FATA in 2004], we had no militant Taliban in Pakistan. We had militant groups, but our own military establishment was able to control them. We had madrassas, but none of them produced militants intent on jihad until we became a frontline state in the war on terror.”

Only two entities from what is literally the Ivy League of the jihadist network need a mention to refute Mr Khan’s claim. Karachi’s Jamia Islamia aka Binori Mosque has produced hundreds of jihadist leaders that include Maulana Azam Tariq of Sipah-e-Sahaba, Qari Saifullah Akhtar and Maulana Fazlur Rahman Khalil, the leaders of Harkatul Jihad Al-Islami, and the founder of Jaish-e-Mohammed, Maulana Masood Azhar. The association of this madrassa’s patron (Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai) with the Afghan Taliban, especially Mullah Omar, is well known.

It might not have dawned on Mr Imran Khan but Jalaluddin Haqqani carries the title Haqqani for a reason — he had spent six years at Darul-Uloom Haqqaniah in Akora Khattak. Among the top 32 officials in Mullah Omar’s government, 11 — including six top ministers — were educated in madrassas in Pakistan. Out of these 11, seven were students at the Haqqaniah seminary. The US was nowhere in the picture when the alumni of these madrassas were on a killing spree in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Mr Khan betters himself still when he claims, “After the WikiLeaks revelations yesterday, reports are being floated that the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) is aiding the Afghan militancy. The fact is that the ISI is not that powerful, but certainly in an environment of chaos and uncertainty Pakistan will need to protect its interests through all means necessary.” Even the ISI may take serious offence to this, as it is positioning itself as the power that can deliver the Taliban, especially the Haqqani network, provided the new set-up in Kabul is to its liking.

These assertions by Mr Khan might even be amusing if he was not capable of even worse assertions. Blaming the US for all ills is one thing, but he has as easily blamed the victims of terrorism. Writing about the Karsaz bombing in


‘Benazir Bhutto has only herself to blame’ (The Telegraph, UK, October 21, 2007), he noted, “I am sorry to say this, but the bombing of Benazir Bhutto’s cavalcade as she paraded through Karachi on Thursday night was a tragedy almost waiting to happen. You could argue it was inevitable…it is different for me campaigning in public, even in the frontier region, because I am not perceived as an American stooge, or a supporter of the war on terror.” Benazir and not the takfiris were to be blamed as per Mr Khan’s views!

The PTI and its leader are perhaps politically insignificant, but conceding space to such Ziaist propaganda has the potential to radicalise the nation, especially our youth. Fortunately, Mr Khan is not perceived as an American stooge — he is seen as a Taliban apologist.

The writer can be reached at

About the author

Laila Ebadi


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  • A dentist campaigning for him last week had an Op-ed in the Express Tribune about the Drones, it was a desperate effort to prove that Drones are the main reason of growing militancy, when I asked about the jet bombing he didnt reply. And he will never, as Drones are the tools of silencing the strategic assets…

  • Imran Khan is not talking logic. He has still not developed a vision for himself and his party. That makes me most sad

  • @Ali Arqam, a Nazi dentist is featured as one of the main villians in a spy thriller, “Marathon Man” *ing Dustin Hoffman and Lawrence Olivier himself as the Nazi dentist.

  • Is this doctor a Pakistani?I seriously doubt that.
    This writer wants Imran and many other patriots like him to start saying “Aa bail mujhe maar”.
    Imran’s article was titled as “Don’t blame Pakistan for……”.It was about Pakistan,not Taliban.Perhaps Talibans and Pakistan are same to this doctor.

  • Let me add more:

    جس روز شہر کا قتل ہوا۔۔۔
    حسن مجتبی
    سان ڈیاگو، کیلیفورنیا
    وقتِ اشاعت: Friday, 30 September, 2005, 16:59 GMT 21:59 PST

    Read the above column in the light of this and you will solve “who is behind question”

    A person is known by the company he keep and I am talking about Hamid Gul:)

    A blast from the past read the names in All Pakistan Democratic Movement: ISLAMABAD: The All Parties Democratic Movement (APDM) on Tuesday decided to launch a campaign against the January 8 elections after Eidul Azha. The decision was taken at the national conference of the alliance held here under the chairmanship of APDM Convener Mahmood Khan Achakzai. President of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) and Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) chief Qazi Hussain Ahmad, Chairman Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) Imran Khan, Dr. Qadir Magsi, Dr. Abdul Hayee Baloch, Abid Hassan Minto, Ghulam Mustafa Khar, Rasul Bakhsh Palejo, Hamid Khan, Hamid Gul and others attended the conference. APDM to launch poll boycott drive after Eid
    Wednesday December 19, 2007 (0902 PST)

    Politics is about public and masses and a person is known by the company he keeps.

    Those who attended the meeting also included Ghulam Ahmad Bilour, Dr Abdul Hayee Baloch, Dr Qadir Magsi, Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, Rasul Baksh Palejo, Syed Muhammad Bilal, Abid Hassan Minto, Nawaz Gondal, Hamid Gul, Abdul Majeed Hazarvi, Mian Muhammad Aslam, Dr Tariq Fazal Chaudhry, Chaudhry Tanvir, Sardar Naseem, Nawaz Gondal, Abul Khair Zubair, Zahid Khan and others. APDM announces polls boycott Sets four-day deadline for acceptance of demands Sunday, November 25, 2007

    The All Parties Democratic Movement (APDM) name was ok but what Hamid Gul was doing in it???? Should we forget Nazir Abbasi, Thori Phatak, Military Operation in Moro, K N Shah, Mehar, Dadu and Lakhat during MRD Days, above all should we forget Hamid Gul’s proverbial hate towards Sindhis. [Introduction of Hamid Gul: Hamid Gul callling Baitullah Mehsud and Faqir Muhammad “Mujahids”

    Lt Gen (retd) Hameed Gul told The News that like Ms Bhutto, Maulana Fazl has also cut a deal with the Americans and was playing a dubious political role as per the script written by the US. He said that in the All Parties Democratic Movement (APDM) meeting, Hafiz Hussain Ahmad had assured the opposition leaders that the Maulana had given his assent to the resignation move. Benazir, Fazl doing US bidding
    Sunday, September 23, 2007

    General Hamid Gul [APDM] was saying that Benazir Bhutto was an American Agent whereas read Dr Qadir Magsi [APDM] says—

    HYDERABAD, Jan 7: The Sindh Taraqi Pasand Party chairman, Dr Qadir Magsi, has said that PPP leader Benazir Bhutto was the symbol of federation and her murder was ‘tantamount to murder of Pakistan,’ adding that Pakistan has now become alien for Sindhis. HYDERABAD: Benazir was symbol of federation, says Magsi Bureau Report January 08, 2008

    Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi as “Great Son of Sindh” do read GM Jatoi “achievements for Sindh in my posts and other two posts as well: Lies of Ghulam Mustafa Khar, General [R] Faiz Ali Chishti & Mehran Bank Scandal.

    ‘شریف النفس’
    حسن مجتییٰ |

    G M Jatoti, watch this DAWN NEWS CHANNEL Investigative Program ON MEHRANGATE SCANDAL, Late Mr Jatoi was one of the beneficiary [DAWN News TV Investigation Report with Masood Sharif – 6th January 2008

  • Role of Jang Group [do keep in mind that Jang always incite Clash and Fasad] Human Memory is short and in case of Liars Reporters/Journalists of Pakistan i.e. Mr. Shaheen Sehbai and Mr. Ansar Abbasi it is proven beoynd doubt that Allah snatch Memory from Liars because in the above news Jang Groups quotes and Intelligence Agency Report [read table story] whereas both of these Journalists indulged in Yellow Journalism to the core had themselves running an Election Campaign for Mr Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry by filing reports about the same Sindhi Nationalists, read How Mr. Shaheen and Mr. Ansar incited Ethnic Hate themselves through Daily Jang/The News International and GEO TV.
    Jang Group/Express News VS Sindhi Community.

  • what about Zardari’s statement that he is open to talks with Taliban? what happened to him now? either he has no understanding of the matter or he is clever enough to change his opinion according to that of US & UK? After having wasted almost a decade in Afghanistan with no success, US & Nato forces have realized that continuous war is no solution and they should proceed with negotiations. Interestingly, Imran Khan predicted all this. You may call it a chance happening or you may credit him with having a foresight of a leader. But it would be better for imran haters to stop being losers and start analyzing the situation properly with open mind & factual information.

  • It is disgusting to hear Dr. Taqi’s Orientalist rhetoric used against one of the most vibrant patriot of our times. Mr. Imran Khan is not a typical politician–he is a cut above the rest. He speaks his mind–sometimes to the determent of those who hate Pakistan. That is the reason the 5th column comprised of Dr. Taqi and company dislike him.

    Dr. Taqi’s unmitigated bigoted drivel is biased, it has serious errors in it and is typical of the anti-Pakistan tripe so pervasive in some racist quarters these days. It is very disappointing to see this esteemed publication chose to reproduce such a rambling crypto-racist screed. Dr. Taqi’s author’s Teutonic bloviations are an admixture of discredited Neocon assertions, unsubstantiated, or outright Indian distortion, and pure unadulterated balderdash. Dr. Taqi’s nauseating fixation upon and paranoid conspiratorial delusions about Pakistanis are a transparent attempt to justify the murderous rampage, carnage and barbarism faced by West Asia. The Taqi twaddle fails to illuminate the confusing deluge of eerily inept and counter-intuitive claptrap masquerading as fact in the clumsily stage-managed “global war on terror” environment. Dr. Taqi’s’s selective amnesia fails to consider the fact that more than 30,000 Pakistanis have died fighting the so called “war on terror”, and Pakistan has been a US ally since 1947. The author has flaunted the cynosure of neo-liberal romance with India, to justify his Pakistanphobic bigotry against Islamabad.

    Dr. Taqi represents what is known as a potato or a coconut–white on the inside and brown on the outside. His ilk is so impressed by the White man that he can see nothing good in the country of his birth.

    Mr. Imran Khan is not defending any barbarity. He simply says that “Pakistanis should not kill Pakistanis”. These very people liberated Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan, and were our frontline in 1965. What changed? Pakistani citizens should not be targeted with F-16s and bombs. We must talk to them. One can only talk to those we disagree with. Thirty years of war in Afghanistan, and ten years of occupation of Afghanistan have yielded nothing. Even the US and Mr. Karzai sworn enemies of the Taliban are talking to them–why not Pakistan?

    It is amazing that Dr. Taqi’s logic is congruent with the illogic of the Neocons–those who hate Pakistan and Islam. The authors vituperative rant and vociferate amphigory doesn’t hide the vacuity of his ideas, nor the bankruptcy of his thinking pattern.

    Mr. Imran Khan is absolutely right “Before the West invaded Afghanistan, my country had no suicide bombers, no jihad and no Talibanisation.” Al-Qaeda bfore the 90s was an American enterprise lock stock and barrel–used to defeat the USSR. Perhaps Dr Mohammad Taqi needs to check the invitation list of the White House, which did as a matter of fact include the very same leaders who are now on its terror list–namely Mr. Haqqani and others. President Reagan at the time called them honored “freedom fighters” (Mujahideen).

    Selective amnesia is a wonderful thing as the honorable doctor really knows. Abdullah Azzam’s Maktab-al-Khidmat was a CIA camp set up to pull Muslim kids from all over the world so that they could be used as cannon fodder against the USSR–which used to the “evil empire”. Crusades by James Caroll,

    Sorrows of Empire by Chalmer’s Johnson, and The Choice by Brezinsky clearly define the recruiting, training and use of the innocent but poor Muslim youth by the CIA.

    Rolling together all sorts of “bad guys” into one monolith is a favorite tactic of the masters of Dr. Taqi–the Neocons. Amazingly he has now started calling Lashkar-e-Jhangvi as “Taliban”, completely forgetting the proxy wars waged by Iran and Iraq on the soil of Pakistan. There are many groups with various agendas, and many of them have external strings attached to them.

    Mr. Imran Khan is absolutely right–“Until that point [army action in FATA in 2004], we had no militant Taliban in Pakistan. We had militant groups, but our own military establishment was able to control them. We had madrassas, but none of them produced militants intent on jihad until we became a front-line state in the war on terror.” Obfuscation, lies, half-truths, and lies by Dr. Taqi cannot hide the truth.

    The well documented research of Dr. Andarabi shatters the nonsensical propaganda carried on against Pakistan. If Dr. Taqi can read, he should read the research which clearly refutes the charges against the Pakistani madrassas.

    Dr. Taqi may want to put the “Taliban” in the lap of Pakistan–however it is a fact that the CIA was the most important force in the creation of the Taliban. Of course Dr. Taqi believes whatever the “Gora Sahib” says–so he can check the testimonial of Congressman Rohrabacher in front of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Congressman Rohrabacher says “Let me repeat it was the CIA which created by the Taliban”. There are copious pictures of the Congressmen in the Afghan Shawar Kameez sitting with the Tlaiban available on the internet.

    Dr. Taqi constantly harps on the so called “Ziaist Propaganda”, and nicely obfuscates the fact that General Zia Ul Haq rode into the President’s House on Dr. Henry Kissinger’s plan to eliminate Pakistan’s most popular leader and elected Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. It is pedagogical to note that General Zia Ul Haq had the full diplomatic and political backing of the US–that’s how he survived a decade, ultimately meeting his maker through a case of exploding mangoes–also made in America.

    Imran Khan for all his faults represents the hope and aspirations of the people of Pakistan.His loyal workers and die-hard supporters are willing to do whatever is necessary to help Pakistan and take it to the heights that it deserves.

    Thank you and Best Regards,

    Moin Ansari PMP, MBA, ITILP, SSigmaMBB, CME
    973-884-0102 (Home Office)
    973-568-9330 (Cell)

  • Imran Khan opposes American drone strikes in Pakistani territory that has killed thousands of it’s innocent citizens and this doctor calls him a “Nazi”. Imran Khan has never praised or condoned these suicide attacks. But this doctor **is** taking sides, with those who rain missiles on homes, killing women and children of Pakistan.

    It is plain, whose side this POS is on. It is not Pakistan.

    Adnan Khan

  • Lot can be said about various political parties, specially on the verge of literally raping them of their acts and deed. My voice to all writers and journalists is that if you have the weapon which is mightier than all-Pen, then stop mass murdering the views and thoughts of people who have no to low insight. Create awareness on making a movement for building a better nation. E.G if there is so much coal as we all claim lets raise some money and set up a power plant. if we can do it for building hospitals, schools and various other projects why not this cause which is for our future.
    Dear writers you seem no less than a dirty politician who corrupts minds and views of people who are week to believe.

  • Who knew that Pakistani neo-cons existed but obviously they do.

    I expect to read such drivel from neo-cons authors messers Daniel Pipes, or some Fox News luminaries or maybe hear this sort of rant on the Glenn Beck show but this piece is hyperbole at its best.

    Khan’s article in the Telegraph was merely echoing the same opinion about Benazir’s flawed and at times deeply regressive politics that scholars such as John Esposito and William Darylmple hold.

    And let’s get real, have you even read the PTI manifesto? It contains nothing objectionable in it. Universal education for all and human rights for all, with intra-party democracy which other Pakistani parties don’t even speak about.

    And let’s not be naive let’s be real – Talibanization and the increase appeal of radicalism has increased dramatically since American intervention. Sure Pakistani society was fertile for radicalism to blossom but American involvement always makes things worse.
    Even the former CIA chief Graham Fuller is saying the same things as Imran Khan, in his article- ”Obama’s Policies Making Situation Worse in Afghanistan and Pakistan”.

    Come on Taqi and Pak neo-cons let’s get real – the last eight years have been a disaster in Afghanistan and the chaos unleashed there has spilled over into Pakistan. Even American scholars are admitting this.

    Can we think of a single American intervention that has worked? And this is not a pot-shot against the American nation but a critique of neo-conservative foreign policy. This is the crucial distinction to make – our quarrell should not be with the American people but with American neo-conservative ideology.
    The Afghan and Iraq wars I believe are not representative of what the American public wanted but is merely a neo-conservative agenda.

    I for one like Taqi will not peddle neo-conservative nonsense. Even prominent neo-cons of the past such as Francis Fukuyama have realised that American interference has produced more harm than good:

    ” they [the neo-cons] believed that history can be pushed along with the right application of power and will. Leninism was a tragedy in its Bolshevik version, and it has returned as farce when practiced by the United States. Neoconservatism, as both a political symbol and a body of thought, has evolved into something I can no longer support. ”

    Fukuyama the former intellectual darling of neo-cons has understood that American military interference only fans the sentiments of anti-Americanism (and Fukuyama himself admits this is a natural and legitimate response that has nothing to do with being a radical).

    Just read Fukuyama’s articles ”After Neoconservativism” and ”America’s self-defeating hegemony”.

    Those articles are exactly the points that Khan makes ; I don’t know why so many Pakistani liberal writers it seems flirt with neo-conservative ideology when even liberals in the West agree that American policy in Afghanistan has fuelled the flames of radicalism.
    I’ll end with a quote from Graham Fuller:

    ”Today the U.S. military presence is perhaps the single most inflammatory element in politics across the region. The American military response to this regional challenge only serves to exacerbate it. Sadly, Pakistan is now swift on the heels of Iraq and Afghanistan in heading toward increased civil strife and bitter anti-American emotions.”

    It is utterly shameless and gutless for so called ”libearls” to peddle the neo-conservative narrative of foreign policy like Taqi has done.
    Comparing Khan to Goebbels – we have our very own neo-cons in Pakistan.

    Operation Cyclone constructed with the help of prominent policy maker Zbigniew Brzezinski poured money into the sort of initiatives that Taqi talks about in his article.

    From the TIME MAGAZINE ARTICLE ( I make it a point to quote western sources on this sensitive issue to convince our neo-con friends in Pakistan) ”Oily Americans”:

    And the CIA began one of its longest and most expensive covert operations, supplying billions of dollars in arms to a collection of Afghan guerrillas fighting the Soviets. The arms shipments included Stinger missiles, the shoulder-fired, antiaircraft weapons that were used with deadly accuracy against Soviet helicopters and that are now in circulation among terrorists who have fired such weapons at commercial airliners. Among the rebel recipients of U.S. arms: Osama bin Laden.

    Read more:,9171,450997-92,00.html#ixzz1KuLDy6jr'‘

    Imran Khan is not saying this, but a prominent American magazine. As I said our quarrel should not be with the good people of America but their hopeless neo-conservative ideologues.

    But Mr Brzezinski in a revealing interview in October 2001 was still unrepentant (which really gives you an idea of how hopelessly short termist American foreign policy is):

    ””””Q: And neither do you regret having supported the Islamic fundamentalism, having given arms and advice to future terrorists?

    B: What is most important to the history of the world? The Taliban or the collapse of the Soviet empire? Some stirred-up Moslems or the liberation of Central Europe and the end of the cold war?
    Well Mr Brzezinski those ”stirred up – Moslems ” are more than just stirred up.

    I would advise all Pakistani neo-cons to read in depth the material published by American neo-cons themselves and the critical investigative reports from mainsteram Western publications.

    What Imran Khan is saying is nothing new, in fact what Imran Khan says is deeply unoriginal. In the West, most Europeans and sensible American observers agree wholeheartedly with Khan’s analysis.

    Khan has never endorsed the values or policies of the religious right, but he finds there is a coincidence of principle on this specific issue.

    If Imran Khan came out and said he is against universal education for women and he is against minorities having human rights or that the blasphemy law is right then I would believe Khan is an extremist.

    But since Khan has never endorsed any other principle of the religious right and is only agreeing with them on this one singular principle we cannot accuse Khan of extremism. It is merely a coincidence of principle.
    Khan has never renounced his human rights agenda, his agenda of universal education, intra party democracy or other critical and fundamental liberal values.
    Until then Khan has successfully merged a liberal discourse with a strong anti-imperialist discourse.
    While the PPP has failed on both counts.

    the academic evidence and empirical research does not confirm your thesis and actually lends support to Imran’s claims of escalation post 90s.

    The study, ”Suicide Terrorism: Development and Characteristics”indicates the following:

    Number of attacks
    Tamil Tigers 171
    Hezbollah and Amal 25
    Other lebanese groups 25
    Hamas 22
    PKK 21
    Islamic Jihad 8
    Chechen separatists 7
    Dawa (Kuwait) 2
    Egyptian Islamic Jihad 1
    al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya 1
    Armed Islamic Group of Algeria 1

    Also Robert Pape’s, ”Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism”points to similar conclusions.
    Let me give a further example. from the SATP monitor:
    In 2002, 15 were killed and 34 injured by suicide attacks.

    Now in 2010, 1167 were killed and 2199 were injured.
    So let’s get real and accept that domestic weaknesses in our society are a factor but so is American involvement. The two are linked.

    The source I used.

    I agree that Zia’s rule is a critical factor to take note but so is the Afghan war and American interference.
    From the SATP website I quote this brief description:

    ”The process of Islamisation of the State and the Afghan war were turning points in the role of Islamic orthodoxy in Pakistan. This also brought into Pakistan a more codified and strict Wahabi Islam from Saudi Arabia. The role of Pakistan as frontline state, serving American interests in the war against Communist Soviet Union, led to a major fall out for Pakistan and its society.
    America stopped its campaign to check the growth and export of heroin in the wake of larger strategic interests, which had a catastrophic impact on Pakistani society. The number of drug users in Pakistan today stands at 3. 2 million. This was one of the major offshoots of active involvement in the Afghan crisis and the state’s decision, in the early eighties, to be a conduit for Western weapons bound for the war in Afghanistan.

    There have been a number of consequences of this involvement in Afghanistan, and many of these have fostered violent internal conflicts in Pakistan. They include:

    The migration of Afghan refugee groups to major urban regions of Pakistan added to antagonisms within the Pakistani society, especially in Karachi where ethnic strife increased.
    The shift in the Afghan movement where Pakistan began backing rabidly pro-Islamic elements after the Afghan movement had failed to arrive at a pro-Pakistan and pro-Saudi solution gave a fillip to Islamists in Pakistan.
    The establishment of a powerful network of militant madarssas, originally set up to train volunteer ‘students’ – Taliban – for the war in Afghanistan. These madarsas combined weapons training with a fundamentalist and violent interpretation of Islam. The ‘victory’ of the Taliban in Afghanistan has freed substantial numbers of these ‘students’, as well as their motivators and mentors; who are now progressively turning their attention to other areas of conflict, including Pakistan itself.
    Drug trafficking which was encouraged for the short-term motive of financing the Afghan resistance movement and which, now, is the most important source of finance for most militant groups. ”