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Jagan Nath Azad did not write Pakistan’s first national anthem – by Dr Safdar Mehmood

On 14 April 2010, LUBP posted an article titled “Pakistan’s first ‘tarana’, by Jagannath Azad” cross-posted from Beena Sarwar’s blog. Other blogs too including All Things Pakistan have written on this topic.

In today’s Jang (6 June 2010), Dr Safdar Mehmood has written a column after researching this topic a bit further. Based on his research, Dr Mehmood suggests that while there is a possibility that Azad might have written a national (milli) song which was broadcast by Radio Pakistan after 1947, however, there is no evidence of Azad’s meeting with Jinnah nor of the claim that he wrote a national anthem for Pakistan which was approved by Jinnah and which was broadcast by Radio Pakistan as the new country’s national anthem.

Dr Mehmood’s article is provided below:

About the author

Abdul Nishapuri


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  • He is a liar and a nishani of General Zia to Pakistan. He is a loyal slave to Nawaz Sharif just like Justice Tarar was to Abaji.

  • One of the problem with people like Dr. Safdar Mahmood is that they live in a world which is based on total denial of history. Other day I heard a very appropriate comment from a young lawyer (Chauhdary Fawwad) , though he was commenting on “senior” lawyers but his comment was good fit for most of such “seniors” in all other professionals. He said that the generation of these seniors is a “rotten generation” and sooner we can get rid of these rotten people the earlier Pakistan will be in a better shape.
    Reading Dr. Safdar’s column which is devoid of any knowledge or information , only two things are obvious, his hatred for Jagan Nath Azad (and minorities in general) and his denial of history. Read the line
    اگست 1947 میں شدید فرقہ وارانہ فسادات کے سبب جگن ناتھ آزاد لاہور میں مسلمان دوستوں کے ہاں پناہ لیتے پھررہے تھے اور ان کو جان کے لالے پڑے ہوئے تھے۔ان حالات میں ان کی کراچی میں قائداعظم سے ملاقات کاتصو ر بھی محال ہے۔

  • @pejamistri I posted Dr Safdar Mehmood’s above article for a healthy debate, given that some of his arguments on on this topic are worth considering.

    Apart from this topic, I consider Dr. Safdar M. as highly biased towards Ziaist ideology, with little or no standing in international scholarship (e.g. on Pakistan history) and has never got a single paper accepted in any reputable international journal.

    Those interested in understanding this person may refer to the following posts:

    Jinnah, Ayesha Jalal, Safdar Mehmood, Irshad Haqqani, Khurshid Nadeem – an interesting debate

    Iqbal’s and Jinnah’s vision of Pakistan – Dr Javid Iqbal

    Nzaria-e-Pakistan (The Ideology of Pakistan) and the Mullah-Military alliance in Pakistan… Nazir Naji

    Dr Safdar Mehmood: A failed historian, a yellow journalist

  • Guys the point is not where Dr Safdar’s sympathies may lie its about whether his articel is devoid of facts or it has some substance. Ur rants abt his affiliations outwritely ignore the fact that he has given ample research resources utilised in wrting this article. Challange him on those not on his affiliations. Do come up with facts which can counter/outcast his side of the story. Repeating rehtorics like ziasist, minorties rights and yellow journalist (BTW he is not a journalist) is not gonna take the debate forward. It would be more helpful if his claims can be nullified through facts and references.

  • No doubt Safdar Mehmood is a liar of highest grade & belongs to that rotten generation that is known as baqiat e zia.

  • @Alterego,
    I wanted to do some more research to find out about the so-called “proofs” he had given in support of his case. However my criticism is based on the fact that the “historians” like Safdar Mahmood rely on heavily tempered “history” of Pakistan , this “history” was written by paid “historian” during the “mad dictator” General’s Zia’s era. I am sure all the books and people Mr. Safdar Mahmood had referenced including the “magazines” and “material” from Radio Pakistan will have the tempered history and he would have used these “facts” selectively.
    Please note that there was deliberate and a comprehensive effort to re-write the history of Pakistan based on so-called “ideology of Pakistan” invented by the cronies of mad dictator. In this effort the proofs of Quaid’s secular ideas and views for Pakistan were destroyed and new references were invented by paying people to write a completely new and false history of Pakistan.
    I have not been able to go through all the reference Safdar Mahmood have given in his article to prove that Jagan Nath Azad was not asked by the Quaid to write the national anthem of Pakistan , however even a cursory looks shows that the book he referenced , the so-called Quaid’s “ADC” and the Radio Pakistan materials have all the hallmarks of tempered history of Pakistan.
    Go through the original column of Adil Najam and you will find the difference between the reference given by two.
    I am not sure if I would be able to write a full article on showing worth of Dr. Safdar’s references however rest assured there is no doubt the intentions Dr. Safdar to refute that Jagan Nath Azad wrote the national anthem of Pakistan are based on the same malicious intent of distorting history of Pakistan which started in 1980’s. And we are seeing the unfortunate results of such distortion in the shape religious extremism and terrorism.

  • The guy lacks credibility but he is right on one count, the newspapers would have reported the first national anthem. Anyone who has access to Dawn archives can clear the confusion.They can change the archive at Radio Pakistan and the Presidency but surely not at Dawn.

  • Dr Safdar Mehmood has written another article on this topic. I must confess that unless scientifically refuted, his arguments and claims are hard to contradict:

    گزشتہ سے پیوستہ….صبح بخیر…ڈاکٹر صفدر محمود

    یارو سچی بات یہ ہے کہ مجھے قائد اعظم سے محبت ہے اس لئے جب ایک بار ان کا ذکر چھڑ جائے تو میں کئی دن ان کی شخصیت کے حصار میں رہتا ہوں۔میں نے اپنی حدود اور وسائل کے مطابق تحقیق کے تقاضے پورے کرنے کے بعد کل کالم لکھا تھا جس کا عنوان تھا”قائد اعظم،جگن ناتھ آزاد اور قومی ترانہ“اس میں کتابت کی کئی غلطیاں نمایاں تھیں جن میں آزاد کو آزادی اور14اور15اگست کی درمیانی شب کو پندرہ اگست کی شب بنادیا گیا لیکن مجھے یقین ہے کہ ہمارے قارئین کالم پڑھتے ہوئے خود ہی ان غلطیوں کی اصلاح کرلیں گے۔
    ایک تلخ حقیقت یہ بھی ہے کہ اٹھارویں آئینی ترمیم میں شہریوں کو معلومات تک رسائی دینے کے باوجود یہ رسائی عملی طور پر حاصل کرنا آسان کام نہیں ہے۔ مثلاً جب یہ دعویٰ داغا گیا کہ قائد اعظم نے9اگست 1947ء کو جگن ناتھ آزاد کو بلا کر قومی ترانہ لکھنے کے لئے کہا تو مجاورین قائد اعظم کا فرض بنتا تھا کہ وہ اس بہتان کی تحقیق کرتے اور ریکارڈ کھنگال کر اس کی تصدیق یا تردید کرتے۔ آپ پوچھیں گے کہ مجاورین قائداعظم کون ہیں؟میں قائد اعظم کے مجاور ان اداروں کوکہتا ہوں جو قائد اعظم کے نام پرغریب قوم کے ”تنگ دست“ خزانے سے کروڑوں روپے خرچ کررہے ہیں۔ کہنے کو قائد اعظم اکادمی بھی موجود ہے جہاں معروف سکالرز بیٹھے ہوئے ہیں ۔ قائد اعظم پیپرز سیل بھی قائم ہے جہاں ملازمت پیشہ حضرات کسی جذبے سے تہی دامن محض نوکری اور تنخواہ کے لئے بیٹھے عیش کررہے ہیں۔ ان کے پاس سرکاری ریکارڈ بھی موجود ہے اور قائد اعظم کے کاغذات بھی۔ لاہور میں نظریہ پاکستان فاؤنڈیشن میں بھی عاشقان قائد اعظم خطابت کے گل کھلاتے رہتے ہیں۔تحقیق قدرے مشکل اور صبر آزما کام ہے اس میں وقت بھی لگتا ہے اور پیسہ بھی اس لئے میرے نزدیک یہ ان اداروں کا کام تھا کہ وہ اس موضوع پر تحقیق کرتے اور وضاحت کرتے کیونکہ یہ بالکل ایک انہونی بات تھی جس نے طالبعلموں اور نوجوانوں کو قائد اعظم کے حوالے سے گمراہ کرکے رکھ دیا۔ پنجاب یونیورسٹی کے ایک طالبعلم نے مجھے فون کیا اور غصے سے کہا ”اگر قائداعظم کو جگن ناتھ آزاد سے ہی قومی ترانہ لکھوانا تھا تو پاکستان بنانے کی کیا ضرورت تھی“میں نے اسے پیار سے سمجھایا کہ آزاد پاکستان کا شہری تھا اس سے ترانہ لکھوانا کوئی قابل اعتراض بات نہیں لیکن اصل مسئلہ یہ ہے کہ مجھے یہ ساری کہانی فرضی اور خیالی پلاؤ لگتی ہے کیونکہ جگن ناتھ آزاد نے خودکبھی یہ دعویٰ نہیں کیا۔ یہ شوشہ اس کے انتقال کے بعد اس کے بیٹے اور ہمارے نام نہاد سیکولر حضرات نے چھوڑا ہے۔ہاں مجھے یاد آیا جگن ناتھ آزاد پاکستان اکثر آتا رہا۔ ڈاکٹر انور سدید اور محترم رفیع الدین ہاشمی سے کئی بار ملا ان بزرگوں کا کہنا ہے کہ اس نے کبھی بھی قائد اعظم سے ملاقات یا قومی ترانے لکھوانے کا ذکر نہیں کیا اگر جگن ناتھ آزاد کو یہ اعزاز حاصل ہوتا تو وہ اس کا ہر بار ذکر کرتا بلکہ بقول شخصے اچھل اچھل کر ذکرکرتا۔ ان دعویداروں کے مطابق جسے یہ اعزاز حاصل تھا اس نے تو کبھی اس کا ذکر نہیں کیا لیکن اس کے مرنے کے بعد اس کے بیٹے اور ہمارے دو تین لکھاریوں نے یہ ہوائی اڑا دی جس کی کسی ریکارڈ یا قائد اعظم کے سٹاف سے تصدیق نہیں ہوتی۔ میں جن دنوں حقائق جاننے کے لئے مضطرب تھا اور شواہد اکٹھے کرنے کے لئے بھاگ دوڑ کررہا تھا تو مجھے بعض دلچسپ تجربات ہوئے۔مثلاً مجھے ریڈیو پروگراموں کی تفصیلات پڑھنے کے لئے اگست1947ء کے اخبارات ڈھونڈھنے میں خاصی ”کھجل خواری“ہوئی تب مجھے اندازہ ہوا کہ پاکستان کی تاریخ پر تحقیق کرنے والے کن مصائب کا شکار ہیں۔ 1964-65میں جب میں مسلم لیگ کے دور حکومت 1947-54پر ریسرچ کررہا تھا تو پاکستان ٹائمز کی لائبریری میں اخبار کامکمل ریکارڈ موجود تھا جہاں میں نے ان سات برسوں کا ایک ایک اخبار پڑھا۔ پنجاب پبلک لائبریری میں اردو اخبارات کے علاوہ مشرقی پاکستان کے اخبارات کا ریکارڈ بھی موجود تھا۔ آج یہ سارا ریکارڈ ضائع ہوچکا ہم کس قدر علم دوست قوم ہیں؟؟۔
    سچ کی تلاش کے اس سفر میں بعض مقامات پر عزت نفس بھی مجروح ہوئی اور ”جھڑکیاں“ بھی کھانی پڑیں لیکن میں نے قائد اعظم کی خاطر سب کچھ برداشت کیا کہ اس طرح تو ہوتا ہے اس طرح کے کاموں میں، میں ریڈیو پاکستان کے آرکائیوز اور ریکارڈ دیکھناچاہتا تھا۔ ایک عزیزی نے کہا تم سیکرٹری انفارمیشن رہے ہو تمہارے لئے یہ کام مشکل نہیں ہوگا۔ میں مسکرایا اور عرض کیا کہ یہ قوم بڑی کرسی پر ست ہے ریٹائر لوگوں کو ردی کی ٹوکری کا حصہ سمجھتی ہے۔ ایک بار پھرمیرے تجربے کی تصدیق ہوگئی جب میں نے ریڈیو پاکستان کے نووارد ڈائریکٹر جنرل سے رابطہ کرنے کے لئے متعدد کوششیں کیں اور انہوں نے مجھے گھاس ڈالنا مناسب نہ سمجھا۔ مروت، اخلاق اور بزرگوں کا ادب والدین اور سکول کی تربیت کی دین ہوتا ہے نہ کہ عہددوں اور کرسی کی عطا، مدت ہوئی انور محمود مشرف کے سیکرٹری انفارمیشن تھے وہ میرے جونیئر رفیق کار اور چھوٹا بھائی ہونے کا دعویٰ کرتے تھے۔ میں مشرف کے دور میں زیر عتاب اوایس ڈی تھا، چنانچہ انور صاحب نے میرا فون سننے سے انکار کردیا، بہرحال میں ریڈیو پاکستان(پی بی سی)کے کنٹرولر ہوم سروس علی منشا صاحب کا ممنون ہوں جنہوں نے آرکائیوز اور تاریخی ریکارڈ کے حوالے سے میری مدد کی اور علیحدہ سے ایک تصدیقی بیان بھی بھجوایا کہ جگن ناتھ آزاد کا قومی ترانہ ریڈیو پاکستان سے ہرگز نشر نہیں ہوا۔ یاد رہے کہ میری تحقیق کا دائرہ1949تک محدود تھا کیونکہ اس کے بعد تو کمیٹی بنی اور بالآخر 1954میں حفیظ جالندھری کا لکھا ہوا قومی ترانہ پاکستان کا ترانہ بن گیا۔
    دوران سفر بات یہاں آکر رک گئی کہ کس طرح قائد اعظم کے اے ڈی سی جناب عطا ربانی سے رابطہ کرکے یہ پوچھا جائے کہ کیا کبھی جگن ناتھ آزاد قائد اعظم سے ملے تھے کیونکہ اس سطح پر ملاقاتیں بہرحال اے ڈی سی کے ذریعہ ہی ہوتی ہیں۔ میں نے کہیں سے محترم عطاربانی صاحب کے صاحبزادے سینیٹر رضا ربانی کا سیل نمبر لیا ،کئی کوششوں کے بعد ان تک پہنچا۔اپنا تعارف کرایا اور التجا کی کہ قومی خدمت کے حوالے سے اور ریکارڈ کی تصحیح کے لئے مجھے یہ بات اپنے والد گرامی سے پوچھ دیں یا مجھے ان کا رابطہ عطا فرمادیں۔ انہوں نے مجھے جھڑک دیا اور میں نے قائد اعظم کی خاطر وہ جھڑک بھی برداشت کرلی۔ خدا کا شکر ہے کہ مجھے نظامی صاحب کے ذریعے محترم عطاربانی صاحب سابق اے ڈی سی ٹو قائد اعظم تک رسائی حاصل ہوئی اور میں نے ان سے براہ راست بات کرکے اپنی تسلی و تشفی کی کہ جگن ناتھ آزاد نہ کبھی قائد اعظم سے ملے اور نہ کبھی قائد اعظم کی زبان سے ان کا ذکر سنا۔اس کے باوجود اگر ہمارے مہربان نہ مانیں اور اپنی ضد پہ قائم رہیں تو اسے ضد ہی کہا جاسکتا ہے اور ضد کا علاج تو لقمان حکیم کے پاس بھی نہیں تھا۔
    Jang 8 June 2010

  • If Dr. Safdar Mehmood is so sure that Late Prof. Jagan Nath Azad did not pen the first national anthem for Pakistan then he surely must be knowing as to who did it??? He must tell us the writer’ name

  • I just came across this post; several people posted this and similar comments to my blog where I had posted my article on Jagan Nath Azad. Here is my response:
    Just for the record, Jagannath Azad never claimed that he was ‘dramatically called to the Radio Station’, or that he met Mr Jinnah personally. All that he said was that he was conveyed a message, apparently from Mr Jinnah, to pen this tarana within a few days, which he did, and that it was played on Radio Pakistan on Aug 14, 1947, and for several months after that.
    He mentioned this incident in his book ‘Ankhian TarastiaN HaiN‘ (1981) – Jagannath Azad referred to this incident, about how he came to write this tarana, in several other interviews and on his many visits to Pakistan. No one took it up or contradicted it then.
    Zaheda Hina quotes the incident in her obituary of Azad mentioning the tarana in Express, August, 2004, uploaded on this blog in Sept 2009. She tells me that you called her a couple of days ago, expressing your ignorance about her article and asking for a copy. [An aside for those who may be interested: the Maulana Salahuddin whom Azad refers to, quoted by Zaheda Hina, was the maternal grandfather of Asma and Hina Jillani].
    It is indeed unfortunate there is no record of the tarana. However, the fact remains that some people who were around at the time do remember hearing in 1947 on Radio Pakistan – people of integrity like I.A. Rehman (who came to Pakistan in Nov 1947 and says Radio Pakistan played it for quite some time), Dr Mubashir Hasan, and Zaheer Kidvai (see his query on his blog, May 2005). In the absence of a record, it’s Azad’s word and their’s, against anyone else’s.
    I have talked to Zaheda Hina about this. Having known Azad closely, she says, “There are people you know are truthful. Jagannath Azad was not a liar. If he says he wrote this tarana for Pakistan, at the behest of Mr Jinnah, I believe him. If there are people who choose not to believe him because there is no ‘evidence’, then that is their choice.”
    The point is that a beautiful poem was written for Pakistan on the eve of Independence, at the behest of Mr Jinnah says the poet who happened to be a Hindu.
    Even if that cannot be proved, why discard Azad’s tarana? There are many other songs that are considered to be national songs (not official anthems) like Sohni Dharti, or Jivey Pakistan. Why not add Azad’s poem to that repertoire?
    See also:
    Balraj Puri’s obituary in Milli Gazette, 16-31 Aug 2004
    Asfaque Naqvi ‘s reference to Azad’s tarana in his article in “A word on Jagannath Azad”, Dawn, June 27, 2004
    And Zaheer Kidvai’s remembrances of the tarana in his blog as well as on mine.

  • Please do not trust on Hindus because it is only the religion in which “lie” is not sin perhaps its legal. Frustrated So Called Pakistanis and So Called Muslims like beena sarwar promotes the agenda of Non-Muslims.
    Safdar Mehmood is really a great person and i really thanks him that he investigated this matter and provided us with right information. May safdar mahmood lives long.
    Pakistan Zindabad.

  • Hassan – Atleast have regard for a religion if nothing else. Here the question is not of MUSLIMS or NON-MUSLIMS. First understand the subject and then decide what to say. By the way – can you please let us know the difference between a Hindu and a Muslim or a Muslim and a non-muslim as you put it!! At the time of partition – I was not even 4 yrs. old. but let me tell you who helped us cross the border and reach this side of the country – a Muslim Army Capt. How do you like this!! In reply to Beena’s comment where she says that Mr. Azad was a Hindu – your comment that “do not trust on Hindus” shows your mental attitude towards humanity – that is all I can say. I dont think anybody – even you – for that matter would like to hear such a comment about your loved ones. I am Mr. Azad’s daughter and I know what values my father held for humanity!! How much he loved Pakistan (Lahore) and this is what you are writing about him!!! Ask any LITERARY PERSON in Pakistan and they will tell you as to how much respect my father and grand-father have earned in Pakistan! I wish you all the best to be a good human being! Time will prove as to who is great and who is not!! Best of luck

  • All of u r wasting ur time and energies on useless debates. Don’t u hav antything else to do. Have some sense. No need to verify such things from records and books and self concieved ideas etc etc. I hav many in my family who were young at the time of partition, who participated in partition movment, who r still alive and can tell u each and every detail about the partition movement, the day of partition and the years after. I am sure there are so many others like them in Pakistan. This story of national anthem being written by Mr Jagan Nath is greek to me. I hav never heared his name from my elders which includes my Grand Father, who was a college student at the time of partition. So please stop arguing on useless topics, putting forward baseless bookish evidences and confusing people. Consult living histories, (which have not been tempered)they have answers of every question.
    As far as I know, our national anthem was written by Hafeez Jullundhri, and this story of Mr Jagan Nath is all cooked with mal intentions.

  • Who really wrote our first `official` national anthem? Rauf Parekh | From the Newspaper July 4, 2011
    -File Photo

    Jagan Nath Azad (1918-2004) was known for his fascinating Urdu poetry. His contribution to Iqbal Studies was equally important. But what gave him renewed fame a year after his death was the controversy that raged in the Indian and Pakistani media for quite some time and Azad was at the centre of the controversy.

    A few days before his death in 2004, Jagan Nath Azad gave an interview to Luv Puri, an Indian journalist, in which he claimed to have written Pakistan`s first national anthem. According to the interview, published in The Milli Gazette `s issue of 16-31 August, 2004, at the time of Independence Jagan Nath Azad was in Lahore, his beloved city, and did not want to leave it. Some of his Muslim friends asked him not to migrate to India and stay on, instead. They also took the responsibility for his safety and security. On August 9, 1947, a `friend` (not named in the interview) working at Radio Pakistan`s Lahore station brought him a message from Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, saying that the Quaid wanted Azad to write Pakistan`s national anthem.

    Jagan Nath Azad claimed in the interview that he wrote the anthem within five days and the Quaid approved it within a few hours. He also claimed that it was Pakistan`s first national anthem and was broadcast (the interviewer has used the word `sung`) from Radio Pakistan`s Karachi station (the interviewer has used the words `Pakistan radio, Karachi`) since Karachi was then the capital of the newborn nation. Later, due to the worsening law and order situation, his friends advised Azad to migrate to India and he took their advice.

    The interview did not have much impact at that time but Luv Puri got a report based on the same interview published in the June 19, 2005 issue of ` The Hindu `, one of the leading newspapers of India. Titled `A Hindu wrote Pakistan`s first national anthem`, the report somehow struck chords among some Pakistani media persons and intellectuals and they began spreading the report, some of them feeling quite overjoyed over Quaid`s gesture of asking `an Urdu-knowing Hindu` (to borrow the words from Puri) to write the national anthem of the nascent Muslim country. Well, this is indeed something one should be quite proud of.

    But there was a little problem: there were a few odd pieces that did not quite fit into the puzzle because the overjoyed writers did not bother to crosscheck the historical facts. Aqeel Abbas Jaferi in his new book ` Pakistan ka qaumi tarana: kya hai haqeeqat kya hai fasana ` (Pakistan`s national anthem: what is fact, what is fiction) has candidly listed all these facts ignored by Puri and his Pakistani counterparts while debating the issue. Jaferi has yet again come up with a book based on research and has very unemotionally presented his point of view, though it was quite possible for him to get emotional since he, as we all know, is a `pakka Pakistani`. But, at the same time, he is a level-headed and fair-minded research scholar, too. What disturbs him, however, is that many of our friends get too emotional when bent upon proving something that suits their stance and in the process tend to forget their facts.

    Jaferi has built his case like an intelligent lawyer. First he enlists the interview and report, translates their certain parts into Urdu, then he reproduces some excerpts from the writings of Pakistani intellectuals, such as Mahreen F. Ali, Zaheer Qidvai, Aadil Najam and Beena Sarwar. He also quotes from a write-up in PIA`s in-flight magazine `Hamsafar` and the reader is convinced that they all looked too eager to accept Azad`s claim without any serious research. Jaferi also refers to a TV talk show anchored by Hamid Mir wherein everybody, except for Dr Khwaja Muhammad Zakaria, tried to prove that Jagan Nath Azad had written Pakistan`s first national anthem on the Quaid`s request and it used to be broadcast from Radio Pakistan till 1954. Pointing to yet another TV channel, Jaferi comments that the programme it aired on the issue was full of errors that it does not merit a mention even. This is the first chapter of Jaferi`s book and after summing up all the incorrect notions he ends it with the words: “repeat a lie till it becomes truth”.

    Then in the following chapters he slowly unfolds the facts one after another and after partially dismissing Azad`s claim tells the story of how and when Pakistan`s first, official national anthem was conceived and approved. As for Azad`s claim, he invites readers to consider some facts before deciding. He says, for instance, Radio Pakistan`s Karachi station had not even begun its transmissions in August 1947 and it was exactly a year later that it started its formal broadcasts, let alone broadcasting Azad`s newly composed national anthem. Secondly, the authentic record shows that neither Radio Pakistan`s Lahore station nor Peshawar station broadcast any anthem on the night of Independence. The maiden broadcast by Lahore station on the occasion included Iqbal`s poetry, a Punjabi song by Sehrai Gordaspuri and a poem by Zafar Ali Khan. In the case of Peshawar station, two nationalistic songs written by Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi were broadcast on the night between August 14 and 15, 1947. So even if we give the benefit of doubt and suppose `Karachi station` was wrongly mentioned by Azad, it is incorrect after all. Dr Safdar Mahmood, an authority on Pakistan`s history, carried out a thorough research on the issue and it was confirmed by him that no anthem composed by Azad was broadcast on the night of Independence.

    What seems strange, according to Jaferi, is that Azad remembers the names of all his friends except the one who conveyed the Quaid`s message to him. He never mentioned the name in any of his interviews or writings. Also, Azad traveled to Pakistan many times after migrating to India and attended many mushaeras here. He composed many poems about Pakistan in the later part of his poetic career. In ` Watan mein ajnabi `, he has collected all his poetry on Pakistan but it does not contain Pakistan`s `first national anthem`. In fact, it is not included in any of his books. In 1993, `Uni-Karians Pakistan` arranged a function in Jagan Nath Azad`s honour in Dubai and on the occasion Azad said that the first `tarana` (anthem) of Pakistan broadcast at the zero hours of August 14, 1947 was written by him. Here Jaferi concludes that Azad had used the word ` tarana ` (song or anthem) and not ` quami tarana ` (national anthem).

    Before concluding the debate, Jaferi has mentioned that there were many poetic compositions titled ` Pakistan ka tarana ` in the run-up to the independence. Asrar-ul-Haq Majaz was the first poet who wrote ` Pakistan ka milli tarana `. Later, many poets tried their hands on writing national songs for Pakistan. They were Makhdoom Mohiuddin, Raees Amrohvi, Mian Basheer Ahmed, Asgher Saudai and many more. A few of the anthems were even titled ` Pakistan ka tarana ` but no poet claimed to have written Pakistan`s first national anthem. To cut a long story short, Jaferi has proved that the anthem written by Hafeez Jallundhry was officially approved in 1954 as Pakistan`s first national anthem though it too has a long story behind it. Before the anthem was approved, a tune composed by Ahmed Ghulam Ali Chagla was approved as official tune and poets were invited to write an anthem that went with it.

    Published by Virsa Publications, Karachi, the book contains some rare photographs, too.

  • I recently read the special report on the topic of “A’atdaal Pasandi aur Pakistan”, this report was published on 30th april 2013 on the 4th page of the Local News paper (Roznama Awaaz Lahore). The report shows the actual meanings of secularism and hate of our mulla’s (Molana Abul-kalaam Aazaad, Moulana Hussain Madni and Molana Mododi ) on the creation of Pakistan and also discuss the Jagen Nath’s National Anthem. The reporter clearly mention that Quaid ordered jagen nath to write the national Anthem for Pakistan.