After my initial response to the report that was published in various newspapers (https://lubpak.net/archives/12193), I downloaded the National Corruption Perception Survey 2010 by the Transparency International-Pakistan (TIP). The report is biased without an iota of doubt.
Some of the points are given below for the readers to make up their mind about:
- This was the 4th National Corruption Perception Survey. The chronology of surveys was in 2002, 2006, 2009 and now in 2010. In times of a non popular government and a military ruler, 2 surveys took place in a span of 6 years while in the times of PPP government (an elected, democratic government), 2 surveys have taken place in 2 years. This clearly shows the bias of the TIP. In order to have a credible survey, it should be held on a continuous basis and intervals should be well planned.
- IBA Karachi led the survey along with Gift University – Gujranwala, Gomal University – DI Khan and Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar. The supervising professor Prof. Shabih Haider of IBA says in the report that “Institute of Business Administration, Karachi takes complete responsibility of analysis and ensures complete integrity”. My question is who in IBA approved the survey? Was IBA paid any amount for conducting this survey? I believe that TIP would be claiming money from the parent body for the survey and report. I feel that Dr. Ishrat Hussain, Dean and Director of IBA be asked about this matter. IBA is known for its integrity and by being partner with TIP, it is tainting not just its name but also of Pakistan.
- In all 5200 was the sample size, which I feel should not be sufficient for a sensitive exercise like this. For a survey of this magnitude and importance, a bigger sample size should have been taken. My friends in Marketing Research tell me that even for a shampoo, a bigger sample size is chosen while the way interviews are conducted i.e. whom to interview is a scientific process and time intensive
- The cities in which the survey was conducted is also a surprising revelation: In Punjab, the survey was conducted in all 5 northern and central Punjab cities which are controlled by the PML-N. No city of Southern Punjab where the PPP has a clear majority was included in the survey. The names of the cities are: Sialkot, Gujranwala, Daska, Lahore and Chakwal. Similarly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, data was collected from Peshawar, Haripur, Mansehra and Abbotabad. Needless to say 3 out of these four cities are dominated by the PML-N/Q whereas the Pakhtoon dominated cities were not involved other than Peshawar. For sure we can see bias against the ANP and PPP.
- According to the report NAB was “believed as a good institution”. Can one ask respondents as to how many have dealt with NAB?
- The second highest occupation in which they took the survey was students. Students in all were 20.2% of the respondents. My personal feeling is that students were from the same institutions where the survey was conducted.
- How have they come up with Average Expenditure on Bribery? That is quite mind boggling. Do people keep a track of amount they have paid for bribery? People pay bribes to get their work done. Did they ask questions from respondents that how much monetary gain they had by paying for the bribes?
- Out of 5200 respondents, only 93 people have paid income tax which is a mere 1.78%. Did they ask people why they haven’t paid income tax or filed returns?
In all, it was a biased survey, the results of which are quite obvious and also portrayed wrongly by the media. The PPP shouldn’t worry too much about it as these surveys are proven wrong at the time of elections. Let PML-N enjoy the certificate however, it is important that they act on realities of the Sasti Roti, Bachat Bazar etc which have been raised by the PPP and also the Auditor General on a number of times.